Meaning of CRASH in English

CRASH

/ kræʃ; NAmE / noun , verb , adjective

■ noun

VEHICLE ACCIDENT

1.

( NAmE also wreck ) an accident in which a vehicle hits sth, for example another vehicle, usually causing damage and often injuring or killing the passengers :

A girl was killed yesterday in a crash involving a stolen car.

a car / plane crash

LOUD NOISE

2.

[ usually sing. ] a sudden loud noise made, for example, by sth falling or breaking :

The tree fell with a great crash.

The first distant crash of thunder shook the air.

IN FINANCE / BUSINESS

3.

a sudden serious fall in the price or value of sth; the occasion when a business, etc. fails

SYN collapse :

the 1987 stock market crash

COMPUTING

4.

a sudden failure of a machine or system, especially of a computer or computer system

■ verb

OF VEHICLE

1.

crash (sth) (into sth) if a vehicle crashes or the driver crashes it, it hits an object or another vehicle, causing damage :

[ v ]

I was terrified that the plane would crash.

We're going to crash, aren't we?

A truck went out of control and crashed into the back of a bus.

[ vn ]

He crashed his car into a wall.

HIT HARD / LOUD NOISE

2.

to hit sth hard while moving, causing noise and/or damage; to make sth hit sb/sth in this way :

[ v + adv. / prep. ]

A brick crashed through the window.

With a sweep of his hand he sent the glasses crashing to the floor.

[ v - adj ]

The door crashed open.

[ vn - adj ]

She stormed out of the room and crashed the door shut behind her.

3.

[ v ] to make a loud noise :

Thunder crashed overhead.

IN FINANCE / BUSINESS

4.

[ v ] ( of prices, a business, shares, etc. ) to lose value or fail suddenly and quickly :

Share prices crashed to an all-time low yesterday.

The company crashed with debts of £50 million.

COMPUTING

5.

if a computer crashes or you crash a computer, it stops working suddenly :

[ v ]

Files can be lost if the system suddenly crashes.

[also vn ]

PARTY

6.

[ vn ] ( informal ) = gatecrash

IN SPORT

7.

[ v , usually + adv. / prep. ] ( especially BrE ) to lose very badly in a sports game :

The team crashed to their worst defeat this season.

SLEEP

8.

[ v ] crash (out) ( informal ) to fall asleep; to sleep somewhere you do not usually sleep :

I was so tired I crashed out on the sofa.

I've come to crash on your floor for a couple of nights.

MEDICAL

9.

[ v ] if sb crashes , their heart stops beating

IDIOMS

- a crashing bore

PHRASAL VERBS

- crash out (of sth)

■ adjective

[ only before noun ] involving hard work or a lot of effort over a short period of time in order to achieve quick results :

a crash course in computer programming

a crash diet

••

SYNONYMS

crash

slam ♦ collide ♦ smash ♦ wreck

These are all words that can be used when sth, especially a vehicle, hits sth else very hard and is damaged or destroyed.

crash

( rather informal ) to hit an object or another vehicle, causing damage; to make a vehicle do this:

I was terrified that the plane would crash.

slam (sth) into / against sb/sth

to crash into sth with a lot of force; to make sth do this:

The car skidded and slammed into a tree.

collide

( rather formal ) (of two vehicles or people) to crash into each other; (of a vehicle or person) to crash into sb/sth else:

The car and the van collided head-on in thick fog.

smash

( rather informal ) to crash into sth with a lot of force; to make sth do this; to crash a car:

Ramraiders smashed a stolen car through the shop window.

crash, slam or smash?

Crash is used particularly for vehicles and can be used without a preposition:

We're going to crash, aren't we?

In this meaning slam and smash always take a preposition: We're going to slam / smash, aren't we? They are used for a much wider range of things than just vehicles. Crash can also be used for other things, if used with a preposition:

He crashed down the telephone receiver.

wreck

to crash a vehicle and damage it so badly that it is not worth repairing

PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS :

The two vehicles crashed / collided.

The two vehicles crashed / slammed / smashed into each other .

The car / plane crashed / slammed / smashed into a tree.

I've crashed / smashed / wrecked the car .

to crash / slam / collide / smash head-on (into / with sth)

••

WORD ORIGIN

late Middle English : imitative, perhaps partly suggested by craze and dash .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.