Meaning of OVERTAKE in English

OVERTAKE

/ ˌəʊvəˈteɪk; NAmE ˌoʊvərˈt-/ verb ( over·took / -ˈtʊk; NAmE / over·taken / -ˈteɪkən; NAmE /)

1.

( especially BrE ) to go past a moving vehicle or person ahead of you because you are going faster than they are :

[ vn ]

He pulled out to overtake a truck.

[ v ]

It's dangerous to overtake on a bend.

2.

[ vn ] to become greater in number, amount or importance than sth else

SYN outstrip :

Nuclear energy may overtake oil as the main fuel.

We mustn't let ourselves be overtaken by our competitors.

3.

[ vn ] [ often passive ] if sth unpleasant overtakes a person, it unexpectedly starts to happen and to affect them :

The climbers were overtaken by bad weather.

Sudden panic overtook her.

Our original plan was overtaken by events (= the situation changed very rapidly) and we had to make a new one.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.