Meaning of OVERTAKE in English

OVERTAKE

| ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷| ̷ ̷ verb

Etymology: Middle English overtaken, from over (I) + taken to take

transitive verb

1.

a.

(1) : to come or catch up with in pursuit or motion

the next cart they overtook — F.V.W.Mason

(2) : to catch up with in some course, rivalry, or task

not for several months could the printers overtake the demand — I.M.Price

already overtaking Britain in steel production — Giorgio de Santillana

overtaken and easily passed by Berlin — Times Literary Supplement

(3) chiefly Britain : to accomplish within a prescribed time or under the pressure of other duties

b. : to catch up with and pass

within four years it overtook all other American bands by leaps and bounds — Ann M. Lingg

specifically chiefly Britain : to go by (another vehicle)

got behind a lorry and could not overtake it for miles

2. : to come upon or happen to suddenly or unexpectedly : seize , involve

overtaken by a sudden and vicious blizzard — Richard Thruelsen

a strange adventure overtook him — British Book Centre

changes and contrasts that have overtaken England — S.P.B.Mais

when calamities overtake the King — Donald Harrington

3.

a. chiefly Scotland : captivate , ensnare

who married, or rather was overtaken — R.M.Macandrew

b. archaic : intoxicate

4. : to win a trick by playing a higher card than (one's partner's winning card)

intransitive verb

chiefly Britain : to pass another vehicle

never attempt to overtake on the crest of a hill — Noreen Routledge

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.