Meaning of SLAVE in English

/ sleɪv; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun


a person who is legally owned by another person and is forced to work for them :

She treated her daughter like a slave.


slave of / to sth a person who is so strongly influenced by sth that they cannot live without it, or cannot make their own decisions :

We are slaves of the motor car.

Sue's a slave to fashion.


( technical ) a device that is directly controlled by another one

■ verb

[ v , usually + adv. / prep. ] slave (away) (at sth) to work very hard :

I've been slaving away all day trying to get this work finished.

I haven't got time to spend hours slaving over a hot stove (= doing a lot of cooking) .



Middle English : shortening of Old French esclave , equivalent of medieval Latin sclava (feminine) Slavonic (captive): the Slavonic peoples had been reduced to a servile state by conquest in the 9th cent.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.