Meaning of SLAVE in English

SLAVE

/ sleɪv; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

1.

a person who is legally owned by another person and is forced to work for them :

She treated her daughter like a slave.

2.

slave of / to sth a person who is so strongly influenced by sth that they cannot live without it, or cannot make their own decisions :

We are slaves of the motor car.

Sue's a slave to fashion.

3.

( technical ) a device that is directly controlled by another one

■ verb

[ v , usually + adv. / prep. ] slave (away) (at sth) to work very hard :

I've been slaving away all day trying to get this work finished.

I haven't got time to spend hours slaving over a hot stove (= doing a lot of cooking) .

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WORD ORIGIN

Middle English : shortening of Old French esclave , equivalent of medieval Latin sclava (feminine) Slavonic (captive): the Slavonic peoples had been reduced to a servile state by conquest in the 9th cent.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.