Meaning of VERY in English

VERY

/ ˈveri; NAmE / adverb , adjective

■ adverb ( abbr. v )

1.

used before adjectives, adverbs and determiners to mean 'in a high degree' or 'extremely' :

very small

very quickly

Very few people know that.

Thanks very much.

'Do you like it?' 'Yeah, I do. Very much .'

'Is it what you expected?' 'Oh yes, very much so .'

'Are you busy?' 'Not very.'

The new building has been very much admired.

I'm not very (= not at all) impressed.

I'm very very grateful.

2.

used to emphasize a superlative adjective or before own :

They wanted the very best quality.

Be there by six at the very latest .

At last he had his very own car (= belonging to him and to nobody else) .

3.

the ~ same exactly the same :

Mario said the very same thing.

■ adjective [ only before noun ]

1.

used to emphasize that you are talking about a particular thing or person and not about another

SYN actual :

Those were her very words.

He might be phoning her at this very moment .

That's the very thing I need.

2.

used to emphasize an extreme place or time :

It happens at the very beginning of the book.

3.

used to emphasize a noun

SYN mere :

The very thought of drink made him feel sick.

'I can't do that!' she gasped, appalled at the very idea .

IDIOMS

see eye noun

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GRAMMAR

very / very much

Very is used with adjectives, past participles used as adjectives, and adverbs:

I am very hungry.

I was very pleased to get your letter.

You played very well.

But notice this use:

I'm very much afraid that your son may be involved in the crime.

Very is not used with past participles that have a passive meaning. Much , very much or greatly (formal) are usually used instead:

Your help was very much appreciated.

He was much loved by everyone.

She was greatly admired.

Very is used to emphasize superlative adjectives:

my very best work

the very youngest children.

However, with comparative adjectives much , very much , a lot , etc. are used:

Your work is very much better.

much younger children

.

Very is not used with adjectives and adverbs that already have an extreme meaning. You are more likely to use an adverb such as absolutely , completely , etc.:

She was absolutely furious.

I'm completely exhausted.

You played really brilliantly.

Very is not used with verbs. Use very much instead:

We enjoyed staying with you very much.

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WORD ORIGIN

Middle English (as an adjective in the sense real, genuine ): from Old French verai , based on Latin verus true.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.