Meaning of CARD in English

CARD

1. n. & v.

--n.

1. thick stiff paper or thin pasteboard.

2 a a flat piece of this, esp. for writing or printing on. b POSTCARD. c a card used to send greetings, issue an invitation, etc. (birthday card). d visiting-card. e business card. f a ticket of admission or membership.

3 a PLAYING-CARD. b a similar card in a set designed for particular games, e.g. happy families. c (in pl.) card-playing; a card-game.

4 (in pl.) colloq. an employee's documents, esp. for tax and national insurance, held by the employer.

5 a a programme of events at a race-meeting etc. b Cricket a score-card. c a list of holes on a golf course, on which a player's scores are entered.

6 colloq. a person, esp. an odd or amusing one (what a card!; a knowing card).

7 a plan or expedient (sure card).

8 a printed or written notice, set of rules, etc., for display.

9 a small rectangular piece of plastic issued by a bank, building society, etc., with personal (often machine-readable) data on it, chiefly to obtain cash or credit (cheque card; credit card; do you have a card?).

--v.tr.

1. fix to a card.

2 write on a card, esp. for indexing.

Phrases and idioms:

ask for (or get) one's cards ask (or be told) to leave one's employment. card-carrying being a registered member of an organization, esp. a political party or trade union. card-game a game in which playing-cards are used. card index an index in which each item is entered on a separate card. card-index v.tr. make a card index of. card-playing the playing of card-games. card-sharp (or -sharper) a swindler at card-games. card-table a table for card-playing, esp. a folding one. card up one's sleeve a plan in reserve. card vote US a block vote, esp. in trade-union meetings. on (US in) the cards possible or likely. put (or lay) one's cards on the table reveal one's resources, intentions, etc.

Etymology: ME f. OF carte f. L charta f. Gk khartes papyrus-leaf 2. n. & v.

--n. a toothed instrument, wire brush, etc., for raising a nap on cloth or for disentangling fibres before spinning.

--v.tr. brush, comb, cleanse, or scratch with a card.

Phrases and idioms:

carding-wool short-stapled wool.

Derivatives:

carder n.

Etymology: ME f. OF carde f. Prov. carda f. cardar tease, comb, ult. f. L carere card

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.