Meaning of RACK in English

RACK

1. n. & v.

--n.

1. a a framework usu. with rails, bars, hooks, etc., for holding or storing things. b a frame for holding animal fodder.

2 a cogged or toothed bar or rail engaging with a wheel or pinion etc., or using pegs to adjust the position of something.

3 hist. an instrument of torture stretching the victim's joints by the turning of rollers to which the wrists and ankles were tied.

--v.tr.

1. (of disease or pain) inflict suffering on.

2 hist. torture (a person) on the rack.

3 place in or on a rack.

4 shake violently.

5 injure by straining.

6 oppress (tenants) by exacting excessive rent.

7 exhaust (the land) by excessive use.

Phrases and idioms:

on the rack in distress or under strain. rack one's brains make a great mental effort (racked my brains for something to say). rack-railway a railway with a cogged rail between the bearing rails. rack-rent n.

1. a high rent, annually equalling the full value of the property to which it relates.

2 an extortionate rent.

--v.tr. exact this from (a tenant) or for (land). rack-renter a tenant paying or a landlord exacting an extortionate rent. rack-up US achieve (a score etc.). rack-wheel a cog-wheel.

Etymology: ME rakke f. MDu., MLG rak, rek, prob. f. recken stretch 2. n. destruction ( esp. rack and ruin).

Etymology: var. of WRACK, WRECK 3. n. a joint of lamb etc. including the front ribs.

Etymology: perh. f. RACK(1) 4. v.tr. (often foll. by off) draw off (wine, beer, etc.) from the lees.

Etymology: ME f. Prov. arracar f. raca stems and husks of grapes, dregs 5. n. & v.

--n. driving clouds.

--v.intr. (of clouds) be driven before the wind.

Etymology: ME, prob. of Scand. orig.: cf. Norw. and Sw. dial. rak wreckage etc. f. reka drive 6. n. & v.

--n. a horse's gait between a trot and a canter.

--v.intr. progress in this way.

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.