Meaning of ABATE in English


I. əˈbāt, usu -ād.+V verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English abaten, from Old French abatre, abattre to knock down, fell, slaughter, from a- (from Latin ad- ) + batre, battre to beat, from Latin battuere — more at bat

transitive verb

1. law

a. : to bring entirely down : demolish : put an end to : do away with

abate a nuisance

abate an action

b. : nullify : make void

abate a writ

2. obsolete : to lower in status : humble


a. : to reduce or lessen in degree or intensity : diminish , moderate

may … abate their zeal and give up their hopes of world conquest — Elmer Davis

b. : to reduce in value

abate a tax

the legacies were abated pro rata to pay debts

4. : deduct , omit

abate part of a price

5. : to beat down, cut away, or otherwise lower, so as to leave a figure in relief (as in metalwork or stonecutting)

6. : deprive

she hath abated me of half my train — Shakespeare

7. obsolete : to turn or dull the edge or point of : blunt

abates my sword's keen edge — Thomas Heywood

intransitive verb

1. : to decrease in force, intensity, or violence : lessen , subside

wait for a storm to abate

the fear of immediate war has measurably abated


a. : to become defeated or become null or void (as of a writ or appeal)

b. : to decrease in amount or value

the legacies abated proportionately

Synonyms: see abolish , decrease

II. intransitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Anglo-French abatre, alteration of enbatre, from Old French en- + batre to beat

law : to enter without right upon a tenement after the death of the last possessor and before the heir or devisee takes possession

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.