Meaning of CONDITION in English

I. kənˈdishən noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English condicioun, from Middle French condicion, from Latin condition-, conditio, alteration of condicion-, condicio agreement, compact, condition, from com- + -dicion-, -dicio (from dicere to say, determine proclaim) — more at diction


a. : something established or agreed upon as a requisite to the doing or taking effect of something else : stipulation , provision

many are apt to believe remission of sins but they believe it without the condition of repentance — Jeremy Taylor

b. obsolete : an agreement determining one or more such prerequisites : covenant

such sum or sums as are expressed in the condition — Shakespeare

2. : something that exists as an occasion of something else : a circumstance that is essential to the appearance or occurrence of something else : prerequisite: as


(1) : the antecedent of a hypothetical proposition

(2) : the subordinate clause of a conditional sentence — contrasted with conclusion

(3) : a proposition having a relation to the validity of another such that (1) validity of the first is sufficient evidence that the second is valid or (2) the second can only be valid if the first is also valid — called also respectively (1) sufficient condition, (2) necessary condition

b. : a provision in a contract, conveyance, grant, or will providing that the beginning, vesting, rescission, or a modification of an estate or interest in property or of a personal obligation must depend upon an uncertain event which may or may not exist or happen ; also : the event itself

c. : a grade usually designated by the letter E, given at many colleges and universities for work that does not meet the minimum standard required for passing but is not rated an absolute failure, and intended to serve notice on the student that he has a chance to raise his standing to passing level by doing additional work or passing a special examination

d. : a meld in the game panguingue for which a player immediately receives payment from other players


a. : something that limits or modifies the existence or character of something else : a restriction or qualification

presence of oxygen is a condition of animal life

b. conditions plural : attendant circumstances : existing state of affairs

living conditions

playing conditions

adverse weather conditions

c. : something needing remedy : unfavorable circumstance

trains were late because of conditions west of the city

4. : a mode or state of being

matter in a gaseous condition

a. : social estate : rank , position

all sorts and conditions of men — Book of Common Prayer

b. obsolete : state with reference to mental or moral nature, temperament, character, or disposition

c. : proper or good condition (as for work or sports competition) : the state of being fit : shape

the crew is out of condition

getting in condition for the big game

d. of a domestic animal : fat or the state of being fat : finish

e. : the physical status of the body as a whole

good condition

poor condition

or of one of its parts — usually used to indicate abnormality

a serious heart condition

a disturbed mental condition

f. : the financial position or state of a person or company


a. obsolete : quality , attribute , trait

here is the catalog of her conditions — Shakespeare

b. conditions plural , archaic : personal nature : manners , ways

a woman of the most excellent conditions — Sir Walter Scott

6. : lupulin


stipulation , term , provision , proviso , reservation , string : condition indicates a requisite action, circumstance, or quality on which rests the validity or effectiveness of an agreement, a plan, promise, attribution

to have some job in sight for the boy as a condition of his release at the end of his term — R.M.Lovett

just had to keep writing — writing was a profession, a way of life, a condition of his survival — Sherwood Anderson

respect for human life is undoubtedly, as we are never tired of preaching to some of our own communities, the first condition of civilization — W.C.Brownell

stipulation may suggest formal, explicit, definite statement binding a party to a contract or agreement to a specified course

the estate deeded the house to Clatsop County in 1936 with the stipulation that it be used for philanthropic purposes — American Guide Series: Oregon

a stipulation is a statement of conditions that are agreed to in the conduct of some affair — Felix Kaufmann

term , used in the plural in this sense, indicates conditions offered or agreed to in a contract, deal, or agreement

the terms of the lease are not harsh — C.E.Montague

under the terms of the peace treaty, Bulgaria's armed forces are limited — Americana Annual

to allow reunification on terms that meant alliance with the West — F.H.Hartmann

provision in this sense may specifically designate a written formal statement of a condition, directive, or right

the admission of Arkansas with a provision in its constitution forbidding the abolition of slavery without the consent of the slaveowners — L.B.Evans

Murray warned that even if the union were granted its wage increase, the dispute would not be settled until a union shop provision was inserted in the new contract — Mary K. Hammond

this assumes that the framers of a law or constitution can foresee all possible future contingencies and make definite provisions for meeting them so that the judge can be merely a logical automaton — M.R.Cohen

proviso is likely to indicate a definite binding stipulation

passionate feeling is desirable, provided it is not destructive; intellect is desirable, with the same proviso — Bertrand Russell

Field's company accepted with the proviso that it had the right to reject the job as substandard — James Dugan

reservation indicates a qualification or modification of the terms of an agreement or statement, often one to cover contingencies

a blanket financial reservation was added that “any future claims and demands of the Allies and the United States of America remain unaffected”. The armistice was for one month and was renewed from time to time until peace was signed — B.E.Schmitt

string implies a reserving proviso, sometimes one unnoticed or unexpected and quite likely to modify drastically or annul agreements

it is one thing to get a child to admit that he has money, and quite another to get him to part with it. For he will point out that the money was given to him without strings or conditions and that in strict commutative justice he may do what he likes with it — J.D.Sheridan

Synonym: see in addition state .

- on condition that

II. verb

( conditioned ; conditioned ; conditioning -sh(ə)niŋ ; conditions )

intransitive verb

1. archaic : to make conditions : set terms : stipulate

2. : to attain proper or fit condition (as of beer in aging)

3. : to limit and make definite an object of thought

transitive verb

1. : to agree by stipulating : contract — followed by an object clause or phrase

condition that they marry

condition to obey

2. : to invest with, limit by, or subject to conditions : burden with a condition : make conditional

freedom is conditioned by our opportunities

his tenure was conditioned on good behavior

: restrict or determine as a condition: as

a. logic : to limit or restrict in thought or conception

b. law : to charge with a condition

3. : to put into proper or the desired condition: as

a. : to moisten (wheat) before grinding

b. : to trim (meat) of excess fat and other unsalable portions

c. : to restore the desired amount of moisture to (as fiber, yarn, or paper that has become dry during processing)


(1) : to purify and humidify (air)

(2) : air-condition

e. : to bring (as an athlete or a team) through a course of training to a state of fitness for contest

f. : fatten

condition livestock

4. : to test (textile fibers) for foreign inclusions (as of moisture or oil)

5. : to require (a student) to pass a new examination or show a certain degree of proficiency in a specified study as a condition of remaining in a class or institution


a. : to adapt, modify, or mold (as by example, teaching, or training) to the basic patterns and standards of behavior existing in an environing culture

traditional beliefs conditioning a child's attitude

b. : to modify (as an experimental organism) in such a way that an act or response previously associated with a given stimulus or class of stimuli becomes associated with a formerly unrelated stimulus or class of stimuli

Synonyms: see prepare

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.