Meaning of FINE in English

FINE

I. fine ˈfīn noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English fin, fine, from Old French fin, from Latin finis boundary, limit, end — more at final

1. obsolete : end , conclusion , close

2.

a. : a sum formerly paid as compensation or for exemption from punishment but now imposed as punishment for a crime — distinguished from forfeiture and penalty

b. : a forfeiture or penalty paid to an injured party in a civil action

c. : a sum of money ordered paid by one in contempt of court to vindicate the court's authority

d.

(1) : a sum paid to a library as a penalty for keeping a book beyond the date due

(2) : the monetary penalty imposed for infraction of a rule or obligation

club members who were late had to pay a 25-cent fine

3.

a. feudal law

(1) : a money payment made by a tenant to his lord on a particular occasion (as a transfer of the tenant right)

(2) : an endowment whereby a tenant's widow was permitted to claim her dower

b.

(1) : a final amicable agreement or compromise of an actual or fictitious controversy or suit formerly made in England by leave of the king or his justices

(2) : a settlement giving exemption or release ; especially : one obtained by a payment of money

c. or fine of lands : a compromise of a fictitious suit used as a form of conveyance of lands where ordinary conveyances were less efficacious (as in cases involving married women or entailed estates)

d. English & early American law : an agreement effecting a conveyance of estates in land by entering into a friendly lawsuit whereby one party's claim of title was formally recognized by the other, putting an end to all litigation between them

e. English law : a sum of money charged for any benefit, favor, or privilege (as obtaining or renewing a lease)

- in fine

II. fine verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English finen, from Middle French finer to end, pay (as a fine), from fin, n., end

transitive verb

1. : to pay by way of fine or composition

2.

[ fine (I) ]

: to set a fine on by judgment of a court especially as a punishment : punish by fine

intransitive verb

archaic : to pay a fine, penalty, composition, ransom, or consideration for any special privilege or exemption ; especially : to pay for release from accepting the duties of an office — often used with for, off, or down

III. fine adjective

( -er/-est )

Etymology: Middle English fin, fine, from Old French fin, from Latin finis, n., boundary, limit, end (as in such phrases as finis honorum the height of honor, the highest honor; translation of Greek telos, literally, end) — more at final , wheel

1.

a. : free from impurity : brought to perfection : highly purified : refined , superior , pure

fine gold and silver

b. of a metal : having a stated proportion of pure metal in the composition

gold 23 karats fine

— compare fineness 2b

c. of glass : freed from bubbles

2.

a.

(1) : very small : minute

fine print

(2) : marked by subtlety, refinement, or intricacy of thought or expression : hairsplitting

very fine legal points were involved

I cannot follow these fine distinctions

(3) : performed with extreme care and accuracy

fine measurement

fine adjustment

(4) of bodily tremors : of slight excursion

b. : not coarse : constituting small particles

fine sand

fine flour

c.

(1) : not thick or clumsy : slender , filmy

fine thread

fine chiffon

a fine -boned hand

(2) of wool : having a diameter similar to that of merino wool

(3) of paper : of a grade suitable for writing, printing, or drawing

d. : thin , keen , attenuated

a sword with a fine edge

e.

(1) : made of delicate materials : delicately fashioned or proportioned : exquisite in texture : light , clear , fair , fragile

he was fine in profile, in the texture of his fair skin — Osbert Sitwell

many of the present inhabitants have fine skins, fair hair, and florid complexions — Tobias Smollett

fine linen

fine china

(2) : sharp forward or aft — used of a ship

f.

(1) : trained to a point of weight and muscular activity close to the limit of efficiency — used of an athlete or animal

(2) cricket : being to the rear of the defending batsman and nearer than usual to the line of flight of a bowled ball

caught at fine leg

— compare square

g. : having a delicate or subtle quality

the fine scent of burning wax — Vicki Baum

the fine bouquet of a vintage wine

the fine irony of it all

fine , rapier-edged humor

3.

a. obsolete : clever , ingenious , cunning , crafty

b. : subtle, sensitive, or acute in perception or feeling

he has a fine ear for the … idiomatic English that passes for conversation among the youths of the day — Max Wilk

4.

a. : superior in character, nature, ability, or prospects : noble , skillful , excellent

a fine man

a fine ship

a fine musician

you have a fine future before you

b. : superior in construction, execution, design, or expression

a fine work of art

a fine orchestra was playing

c. : of noble or attractive appearance : beautiful , handsome , pleasant , bright

a fine view

a fine morning

a very fine garden

d.

(1) : ornate , showy : elegant

fine feathers make fine birds

wore a fine new dress

(2) of writing : excessively ornate : affectedly elegant : florid , rhetorical

this last sentence is so fine I am quite ashamed — Thomas Gray

(3) : marked by or displaying elegance or refinement often affected or excessive : fastidious , dainty

our fine neighbors wouldn't speak to the likes of us

sneered at the stranger's fine ways

5.

a. : splendid , notable , admirable

spoke with fine enthusiasm

his terrible slashing wit, his fine scorn of stupidity and cowardice — John Reed

what a fine darling baby

b. : great , terrific , awful — used as an intensive

had come running in a fine embarrassment — Glenway Westcott

you make a fine mistake if you think I'm out for quarreling — Mrs. Patrick Campbell

c. : very well : excellent

I feel fine

IV. fine adverb

Etymology: Middle English fin, fine, from fin, fine, adjective

1. : finely: as

a. : elegantly , mincingly

talks and walks so fine , just like a great lady

b. : splendidly , well

you did fine

he made out fine

I liked it fine

c. : subtly , delicately , minutely

the line between victory and defeat … will be fine drawn

2. Scotland : surely : for certain

fine I know him though I haven't seen him for years — John Buchan

3. : with a very narrow margin of time or space — often used with cut or run

close thing … mustn't run it so fine another time — P.G.Wodehouse

V. fine verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English finen, from fin, fine, adjective

transitive verb

1. : refine , purify , clarify

fine and filter wine

beer is sometimes fined before bottling — B.M.Brown

fine gold

the glass will be fully fined before being admitted to the working chamber — Glass Industry

2. : to make finer or less coarse or dull in quality, size, bulk, texture, or appearance

fine his wits

: sharpen , pulverize — often used with down

the one-way disc plow … fines the soil to the extent of increasing losses from blowing — Soils & Men

the women, except … where Italian influence has fined down the bone structure, are … well built — Don Smith

material fined and refined until every … word … has its place in an artistic whole — Times Literary Supplement

fined his tuning, eliminating the interference — Rayne Kruger

in this story … human beings are fined down to bee size — New York Herald Tribune

3. : to make less or finer by graduations — used with away or down

fine down a ship's lines

intransitive verb

1. : to become fine, pure, or clear

the weather gradually fined

the ale will fine

— often used with off

2. : to become fine in lines or proportions : diminish , dwindle — often used with away or down

even her fatness seemed puppy fat … that must fine down before very long — Mollie Panter-Downes

VI. fi·ne ˈfē(ˌ)nā noun

Etymology: Italian, from Latin finis boundary, limit, end — more at final

: end — used as a direction in music to mark the closing point after a repeat

VII. fine fēn noun

( -s )

Etymology: French, short for fine champagne

: ordinary French brandy ; especially : one of undisclosed origin sold in French restaurants

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.