Meaning of FROST in English


I. ˈfrȯst also -ä- noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English frost, forst, from Old English; akin to Old Saxon, Old High German, & Old Norse frost; derivatives from the root of English freeze


a. : the process of freezing : congelation of fluids, especially water


(1) : the condition or temperature of the air that causes the freezing of water : freezing weather

(2) : a frozen condition


(1) : a covering of minute ice crystals on a cold surface that is formed by the condensation of atmospheric vapor at temperatures below freezing — called also hoarfrost, white frost ; compare black frost

(2) : the cause of such crystallization and freezing regarded as a special agency — compare jack frost


a. : coldness of deportment or temperament : an indifferent, reserved, or unfriendly manner

our friends have … a slight frost or tartness in their speech — F.A.Swinnerton

b. : something that meets with a cold reception : fiasco , failure

one small meeting can be a frost and another a crashing success — R.H.Rovere

the trip proved to be a frost — R.L.Taylor

the play was … a most dreadful frost — Arnold Bennett

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

transitive verb

1. : to roughen or sharpen (as the nailheads or calks of horseshoes) so as to prevent slipping on ice


a. : to cover with or as if with frost or a surface resembling frost ; especially : to put icing on (cake)

white pleated panels frost a pastel dress — McCall's Needlework

a face mask … tends to produce fogging of the goggles … and to frost them over below-10° F — H.G.Armstrong

b. : to produce on (as metal or glass) a fine-grained sparkling slightly roughened surface with a distinctive pattern

c. : to pit or etch (a rock) by wind action


a. : to injure by frost : freeze

froze to death 2000 of their birds and frosted the remaining 1000 … badly — John Bird

b. : to freeze so as to kill (as plants) or cause to drop (as buds)

intransitive verb

1. : to become frosted : freeze

I've had tumblers frosting all day — Eugene Walter

the fur parka … began to frost up — Robert Murphy

I have on various evenings hugged the open fire … to keep my bones from frosting — W.A.Krauss

— often used with over

all of the cabin windows will frost over — H.G.Armstrong

2. : to dry with the appearance of a frosty window — used especially of varnish and oil films

III. transitive verb

: to make angry or irritated

doesn't that just frost you when they do that? — Kent Ward

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.