Meaning of HOST in English


I. ˈhōst noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English ost, oost, host, hoost, from Old French ost, host, from Late Latin hostis, from Latin, stranger, enemy — more at guest

1. : a large number of men gathered for war : army

the destruction of Pharaoh's host in that sea — W.L.Sperry

walls that must be directly stormed by the hosts of courage — A.E.Stevenson b.1900


a. : angels

a multitude of the heavenly host praising God — Lk 2:13 (Revised Standard Version)

b. : the sun, moon, and stars

all the host of heaven — Deut 4:19 (Revised Standard Version)

3. : a very large number : a great quantity : multitude , myriad

a whole host of children began to push at the door — Ernest Beaglehole

hotel with its long lobbies filled with … hosts of rocking chairs — Marjory S. Douglas

writing a host of accumulated book reviews — H.J.Laski

a whole host of national monuments, military parks, memorials, and cemeteries — C.L.Wirth

II. intransitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

: to gather in a host : assemble usually for a hostile purpose

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English oste, hoste host, guest, from Old French, from Latin hospit-, hospes host, stranger, guest, from hostis stranger, enemy


a. : innkeeper

b. : one who receives or entertains guests or strangers socially or commercially

ourself will mingle with society and play the humble host — Shakespeare


a. : a living animal or plant affording subsistence or lodgment to a parasite — see alternate host , definitive host , intermediate host

b. : the larger, stronger, or dominant one of a commensal or symbiotic pair


(1) : an individual into which a tissue or part is transplanted from another

(2) : an individual in whom an abnormal growth (as a cancer) is proliferating

3. : a mineral or rock that is older than other minerals or rocks introduced into it or formed within or adjacent to it

IV. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English osten, hosten, from oste, hoste, n.

intransitive verb

obsolete : lodge

go bear it to the Centaur, where we host , and stay there — Shakespeare

transitive verb

1. : to receive or entertain socially : serve as host to

will host the cadets during their visit — Springfield (Massachusetts) Daily News


a. : to receive or entertain guests at : serve as host at

the garden party he had hosted last spring — Saturday Review

hosted the shower, at which 70 relatives were present to meet the bride — Sacramento (Calif.) Bee

b. : emcee

successfully hosted a series of television programs

V. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English oste, hoste, from Middle French osté, hosté, back-formation from ostez, hostez, plural of ostel, hostel — more at hostel

obsolete : lodging — used in the phrase at host

lay at host … in the Centaur — Shakespeare

VI. noun

( -s )

Usage: usually capitalized

Etymology: Middle English oste, hoste, from Middle French oiste, hoiste, from Late Latin & Latin; Late Latin hostia Eucharist, from Latin, sacrifice

1. : the eucharistic wafer or bread before or after consecration

2. obsolete : sacrifice

VII. noun

1. : the computer on which a program runs or to which a peripheral (as a monitor) is connected

2. : a computer that controls communications in a network or that administers a database ; also : server herein

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.