Meaning of PINE in English

PINE

I. ˈpīn noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from (assumed) Old English pīn punishment, torment, from Latin poena — more at pain

1. archaic : mental suffering : anguish , grief , sorrow

2. obsolete : privation , want , famine

3. also pine disease : a dietary deficiency disease of sheep or cattle marked by anemia, malnutrition, and general debility ; specifically : such a disease due to cobalt deficiency

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English pinen, from Old English pīnian, from (assumed) Old English pīn punishment, torment

transitive verb

1.

a. obsolete : to inflict pain upon : torment , torture

b. chiefly dialect : to waste, wear out, consume, or exhaust by suffering or in grieving

pined his flesh — Edmund Spenser

c. archaic : to grieve or mourn for

2. : to shrink or dry (fish) especially in curing

intransitive verb

1. : to lose vigor, health, or flesh (as through grief, anxiety, or hunger) : become wasted (as through sorrow) : languish , fade

so she pined, and so she died forlorn — John Keats

— often used with away

sickens immediately, pines away, and is soon dead — Bill Beatty

2. : to languish with desire : yearn intensely — used with for

pined for his native hills

3. archaic : repine , lament

Synonyms: see long

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English pīn, from Latin pinus; akin to Greek pitys pine, Sanskrit pitu drink, food — more at pip

1. : a tree of the genus Pinus

2.

a. : the straight-grained white or yellow usually very durable often highly resinous wood of a pine varying from extreme softness in the white pines to hardness in the longleaf pine and related forms — compare fir

b. Midland & South : kindling wood

3.

a. : any of numerous coniferous trees of Australia: as

(1) : a tree of the genus Callitris : cypress pine

(2) : a tree of various other genera (as Agathis, Podocarpus, Araucaria, Cupressus, and Dacrydium )

b. : the wood of an Australian pine

4.

a. : paraná pine

b. : the wood of the Paraná pine

5. : pineapple

IV. adjective

1. : of or relating to the pine — often used in combination

pine -clad hills

2. : made of pine wood

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.