Meaning of CIRCLE in English

CIRCLE

— circler , n.

/serr"keuhl/ , n. , v. , circled, circling .

n.

1. a closed plane curve consisting of all points at a given distance from a point within it called the center. Equation: x 2 + y 2 = r 2 .

2. the portion of a plane bounded by such a curve.

3. any circular or ringlike object, formation, or arrangement: a circle of dancers.

4. a ring, circlet, or crown.

5. the ring of a circus.

6. a section of seats in a theater: dress circle.

7. the area within which something acts, exerts influence, etc.; realm; sphere: A politician has a wide circle of influence.

8. a series ending where it began, esp. when perpetually repeated; cycle: the circle of the year.

9. Logic. an argument ostensibly proving a conclusion but actually assuming the conclusion or its equivalent as a premise; vicious circle.

10. a complete series forming a connected whole; cycle: the circle of the sciences.

11. a number of persons bound by a common tie; coterie: a literary circle; a family circle.

12. Govt. an administrative division, esp. of a province.

13. Geog. a parallel of latitude.

14. Astron.

a. (formerly) the orbit of a heavenly body.

b. See meridian circle .

15. Survey. a glass or metal disk mounted concentrically with the spindle of a theodolite or level and graduated so that the angle at which the alidade is set may be read.

16. a sphere or orb: the circle of the earth.

17. a ring of light in the sky; halo.

v.t.

18. to enclose in a circle; surround; encircle: Circle the correct answer on the exam paper. The enemy circled the hill.

19. to move in a circle or circuit around; rotate or revolve around: He circled the house cautiously.

20. to change course so as to pass by or avoid collision with; bypass; evade: The ship carefully circled the iceberg.

21. circle the wagons ,

a. (in the early U.S. West) to form the wagons of a covered-wagon train into a circle for defensive purposes, as against Indian attack.

b. Slang. to prepare for an all-out, unaided defensive fight: The company has circled the wagons since its market share began to decline.

v.i.

22. to move in a circle or circuit: The plane circled for half an hour before landing.

23. Motion Pictures , Television. to iris (usually fol. by in or out ).

[ bef. 1000; circulus, equiv. to circ ( us ) (see CIRCUS) + -ulus -ULE; r. ME cercle circul ]

Syn. 3. ring, halo, corona. 11. CIRCLE, CLUB, COTERIE, SET, SOCIETY are terms applied to restricted social groups. A CIRCLE may be a little group; in the plural it often suggests a whole section of society interested in one mode of life, occupation, etc.: a sewing circle; a language circle; in theatrical circles. CLUB implies an association with definite requirements for membership and fixed dues: an athletic club. COTERIE suggests a little group closely and intimately associated because of congeniality: a literary coterie.

SET refers to a number of persons of similar background, interests, etc., somewhat like a CLIQUE (See ring 1 ) but without disapproving connotations; however, it often implies wealth or interest in social activities: the country club set. A SOCIETY is a group associated to further common interests of a cultural or practical kind: a Humane Society.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .