Meaning of DO in English

do 1

/dooh/ ; unstressed /doo, deuh/ , v. and auxiliary v., pres. sing. 1st pers. do , 2nd do or ( Archaic ) doest or dost , 3rd does or ( Archaic ) doeth or doth , pres. pl. do; past sing. 1st pers. did , 2nd did or ( Archaic ) didst , 3rd did , past pl. did; past part. done; pres. part. doing; n. , pl. dos, do's .


1. to perform (an act, duty, role, etc.): Do nothing until you hear the bell.

2. to execute (a piece or amount of work): to do a hauling job.

3. to accomplish; finish; complete: He has already done his homework.

4. to put forth; exert: Do your best.

5. to be the cause of (good, harm, credit, etc.); bring about; effect.

6. to render, give, or pay (homage, justice, etc.).

7. to deal with, fix, clean, arrange, move, etc., (anything) as the case may require: to do the dishes.

8. to travel; traverse: We did 30 miles today.

9. to serve; suffice for: This will do us for the present.

10. to condone or approve, as by custom or practice: That sort of thing simply isn't done.

11. to travel at the rate of (a specified speed): He was doing 80 when they arrested him.

12. to make or prepare: I'll do the salad.

13. to serve (a term of time) in prison, or, sometimes, in office.

14. to create, form, or bring into being: She does wonderful oil portraits.

15. to translate into or change the form or language of: MGM did the book into a movie.

16. to study or work at or in the field of: I have to do my math tonight.

17. to explore or travel through as a sightseer: They did Greece in three weeks.

18. (used with a pronoun, as it or that, or with a general noun, as thing, that refers to a previously mentioned action): You were supposed to write thank-you letters; do it before tomorrow, please.

19. Informal. to wear out; exhaust; tire: That last set of tennis did me.

20. Informal. to cheat, trick, or take advantage of: That crooked dealer did him for $500 at poker.

21. Informal. to attend or participate in: Let's do lunch next week.

22. Slang. to use (a drug or drugs), esp. habitually: The police report said he was doing cocaine.


23. to act or conduct oneself; be in action; behave.

24. Slang. to rob; steal from: The law got him for doing a lot of banks.

25. to proceed: to do wisely.

26. to get along; fare; manage: to do without an automobile.

27. to be in health, as specified: Mother and child are doing fine.

28. to serve or be satisfactory, as for the purpose; be enough; suffice: Will this do?

29. to finish or be finished.

30. to happen; take place; transpire: What's doing at the office?

31. (used as a substitute to avoid repetition of a verb or full verb expression): I think as you do.

auxiliary verb.

32. (used in interrogative, negative, and inverted constructions): Do you like music? I don't care. Seldom do we witness such catastrophes.

33. Archaic. (used in imperatives with you or thou expressed; and occasionally as a metric filler in verse): Do thou hasten to the king's side. The wind did blow, the rain did fall.

34. (used to lend emphasis to a principal verb): Do visit us!

35. do a number on (someone) . See number (def. 27).

36. do away with ,

a. to put an end to; abolish.

b. to kill.

37. do by , to deal with; treat: He had always done well by his family.

38. do for ,

a. to cause the defeat, ruin, or death of.

b. Chiefly Brit. to cook and keep house for; manage or provide for.

39. do in , Informal.

a. to kill, esp. to murder.

b. to injure gravely or exhaust; wear out; ruin: The tropical climate did them in.

c. to cheat or swindle: He was done in by an unscrupulous broker.

40. do one proud . See proud (def. 11).

41. do one's number . See number (def. 28).

42. do one's ( own ) thing . See thing 1 (def. 17).

43. do or die , to make a supreme effort.

44. do out of , Informal. to swindle; cheat: A furniture store did me out of several hundred dollars.

45. do over , to redecorate.

46. do time , Informal. to serve a term in prison: It's hard to get a decent job once you've done time.

47. do to death . See death (def. 15).

48. do up , Informal.

a. to wrap and tie up.

b. to pin up or arrange (the hair).

c. to renovate; launder; clean.

d. to wear out; tire.

e. to fasten: Do up your coat.

f. to dress: The children were all done up in funny costumes.

49. do with , to gain advantage or benefit from; make use of: I could do with more leisure time.

50. do without ,

a. to forgo; dispense with.

b. to dispense with the thing mentioned: The store doesn't have any, so you'll have to do without.

51. have to do with . See have (def. 36).

52. make do , to get along with what is at hand, despite its inadequacy: I can't afford a new coat so I have to make do with this one.


53. Informal. a burst of frenzied activity; action; commotion.

54. Informal. a hairdo or hair styling.

55. Brit. Slang. a swindle; hoax.

56. Chiefly Brit. a festive social gathering; party.

57. dos and don'ts , customs, rules, or regulations: The dos and don'ts of polite manners are easy to learn.

[ bef. 900; ME, OE don; c. D doen, G tun; akin to L -dere to put, facere to make, do, Gk tithénai to set, put, Skt dadhati (he) puts ]

Syn. 1, 25. act. 3. DO, ACCOMPLISH, ACHIEVE mean to bring some action to a conclusion. DO is the general word: He did a great deal of hard work. ACCOMPLISH and ACHIEVE both connote successful completion of an undertaking. ACCOMPLISH emphasizes attaining a desired goal through effort, skill, and perseverance: to accomplish what one has hoped for. ACHIEVE emphasizes accomplishing something important, excellent, or great: to achieve a major breakthrough.

do 2

/doh/ , n. , pl. dos . Music.

1. the syllable used for the first tone or keynote of a diatonic scale.

2. (in the fixed system of solmization) the tone C. Cf. sol-fa (def. 1), ut .

[ 1745-55; ut; see GAMUT ]

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .