Meaning of DO in English


I. ˈdü verb

( did ˈdid, dəd ; done ˈdən ; do·ing ˈdü-iŋ ; does ˈdəz)

Etymology: Middle English don, from Old English dōn; akin to Old High German tuon to do, Latin -dere to put, facere to make, do, Greek tithenai to place, set

Date: before 12th century

transitive verb

1. : to bring to pass : carry out

do another's wishes

2. : put — used chiefly in do to death


a. : perform , execute

do some work

did his duty

b. : commit

crimes done deliberately


a. : bring about , effect

trying to do good

do violence

b. : to give freely : pay

do honor to her memory

5. : to bring to an end : finish — used in the past participle

the job is finally done

6. : to put forth : exert

did her best to win the race


a. : to wear out especially by physical exertion : exhaust

at the end of the race they were pretty well done

b. : to attack physically : beat ; also : kill

8. : to bring into existence : produce

do a biography on the general

9. — used as a substitute verb especially to avoid repetition

if you must make such a racket, do it somewhere else


a. : to play the role or character of

b. : mimic ; also : to behave like

do a Houdini and disappear

c. : to perform in or serve as producer of

do a play

11. : to treat unfairly ; especially : cheat

did him out of his inheritance

12. : to treat or deal with in any way typically with the sense of preparation or with that of care or attention:


(1) : to put in order : clean

was do ing the kitchen

(2) : wash

did the dishes after supper

b. : to prepare for use or consumption ; especially : cook

like my steak done rare

c. : set , arrange

had her hair done

d. : to apply cosmetics to

wanted to do her face before the party

e. : decorate , furnish

did the living room in Early American

do over the kitchen

13. : to be engaged in the study or practice of

do science

especially : to work at as a vocation

what to do after college


a. : to pass over (as distance) : traverse

did 20 miles yesterday

b. : to travel at a speed of

do ing 55 on the turnpike

15. : tour

do ing 12 countries in 30 days


a. : to spend (time) in prison

has been do ing time in a federal penitentiary

b. : to serve out (a period of imprisonment)

did ten years for armed robbery

17. : to serve the needs of : suit , suffice

worms will do us for bait

18. : to approve especially by custom, opinion, or propriety

you oughtn't to say a thing like that…it's not done — Dorothy Sayers

19. : to treat with respect to physical comforts

did themselves well

20. : use 3

doesn't do drugs

21. : to have sexual intercourse with

22. : to partake of

let's do lunch

intransitive verb

1. : act , behave

do as I say


a. : get along , fare

do well in school

b. : to carry on business or affairs : manage

we can do without your help

3. : to take place : happen

what's do ing across the street

4. : to come to or make an end : finish — used in the past participle

5. : to be active or busy

let us then be up and do ing — H. W. Longfellow

6. : to be adequate or sufficient : serve

half of that will do

7. : to be fitting : conform to custom or propriety

won't do to be late

8. — used as a substitute verb to avoid repetition

wanted to run and play as children do

— used especially in British English following a modal auxiliary or perfective have

a great many people had died, or would do — Bruce Chatwin

9. — used in the imperative after an imperative to add emphasis

be quiet do

verbal auxiliary


a. — used with the infinitive without to to form present and past tenses in legal and parliamentary language

do hereby bequeath

and in poetry

give what she did crave — Shakespeare

b. — used with the infinitive without to to form present and past tenses in declarative sentences with inverted word order

fervently do we pray — Abraham Lincoln

in interrogative sentences

did you hear that?

and in negative sentences

we don't know

don't go

2. — used with the infinitive without to to form present and past tenses expressing emphasis

I do say

do be careful

• do·able ˈdü-ə-bəl adjective

- do a number on

- do away with

- do by

- do for

- do it

- do justice

- do proud

- do the trick

- do with

- to do

II. ˈdü noun

( plural dos or do's ˈdüz)

Date: 1599

1. chiefly dialect : fuss , ado

2. archaic : deed , duty


a. : a festive get-together : affair , party

b. chiefly British : battle

4. : a command or entreaty to do something

a list of do s and don'ts

5. British : cheat , swindle

6. : hairdo

III. ˈdō noun

Etymology: Italian

Date: circa 1754

: the first tone of the diatonic scale in solmization

IV. abbreviation

1. ditto

2. double occupancy

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.