Meaning of RECIPROCAL in English

— reciprocality, reciprocalness , n. — reciprocally , adv.

/ri sip"reuh keuhl/ , adj.

1. given or felt by each toward the other; mutual: reciprocal respect.

2. given, performed, felt, etc., in return: reciprocal aid.

3. corresponding; matching; complementary; equivalent: reciprocal privileges at other health clubs.

4. Gram. (of a pronoun or verb) expressing mutual relationship or action: "Each other" and "one another" are reciprocal pronouns.

5. inversely related or proportional; opposite.

6. Math. noting expressions, relations, etc., involving reciprocals: a reciprocal function.

7. Navig. bearing in a direction 180° to a given direction; back.


8. something that is reciprocal to something else; equivalent; counterpart; complement.

9. Also called multiplicative inverse . Math. the ratio of unity to a given quantity or expression; that by which the given quantity or expression is multiplied to produce unity: The reciprocal of x is 1/ x.

[ 1560-70; reciproc ( us ) returning, reciprocal + -AL 1 ]

Syn. 1. See mutual .

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .