Meaning of TOOTH in English


— toothlike , adj.

/toohth/ , n. , pl. teeth , v. , toothed /toohtht, toohdhd/ , toothing /tooh"thing, -dhing/ .


1. (in most vertebrates) one of the hard bodies or processes usually attached in a row to each jaw, serving for the prehension and mastication of food, as weapons of attack or defense, etc., and in mammals typically composed chiefly of dentin surrounding a sensitive pulp and covered on the crown with enamel.

2. (in invertebrates) any of various similar or analogous processes occurring in the mouth or alimentary canal, or on a shell.

3. any projection resembling or suggesting a tooth.

4. one of the projections of a comb, rake, saw, etc.

5. Mach.

a. any of the uniform projections on a gear or rack by which it drives, or is driven by, a gear, rack, or worm.

b. any of the uniform projections on a sprocket by which it drives or is driven by a chain.

6. Bot.

a. any small, toothlike marginal lobe.

b. one of the toothlike divisions of the peristome of mosses.

7. a sharp, distressing, or destructive attribute or agency.

8. taste, relish, or liking.

9. a surface, as on a grinding wheel or sharpening stone, slightly roughened so as to increase friction with another part.

10. a rough surface created on a paper made for charcoal drawing, watercolor, or the like, or on canvas for oil painting.

11. by the skin of one's teeth , barely: He got away by the skin of his teeth.

12. cast or throw in someone's teeth , to reproach someone for (an action): History will ever throw this blunder in his teeth.

13. cut one's teeth on , to do at the beginning of one's education, career, etc., or in one's youth: The hunter boasted of having cut his teeth on tigers.

14. in the teeth of ,

a. so as to face or confront; straight into or against: in the teeth of the wind.

b. in defiance of; in opposition to: She maintained her stand in the teeth of public opinion.

15. long in the tooth , old; elderly.

16. put teeth in or into , to establish or increase the effectiveness of: to put teeth into the law.

17. set one's teeth , to become resolute; prepare for difficulty: He set his teeth and separated the combatants.

18. set or put one's teeth on edge ,

a. to induce an unpleasant sensation.

b. to repel; irritate: The noise of the machines sets my teeth on edge.

19. show one's teeth , to become hostile or threatening; exhibit anger: Usually friendly, she suddenly began to show her teeth.

20. to the teeth , entirely; fully: armed to the teeth; dressed to the teeth in furs.


21. to furnish with teeth.

22. to cut teeth upon.


23. to interlock, as cogwheels.

[ bef. 900; ME; OE toth; c. D tand, G Zahn, ON tonn; akin to Goth tunthus, L dens, Gk odoús (Ionic odón ), Skt dánta ]

Syn. 8. fondness, partiality, predilection.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .