Meaning of ADVANCE in English

ADVANCE

(~s, advancing, ~d)

Frequency: The word is one of the 1500 most common words in English.

1.

To ~ means to move forward, often in order to attack someone.

Reports from Chad suggest that rebel forces are advancing on the capital...

The water is advancing at a rate of 5cm a day...

...a picture of a man throwing himself before an advancing tank.

VERB: V prep/adv, V, V-ing

2.

To ~ means to make progress, especially in your knowledge of something.

Medical technology has ~d considerably...

= progress

VERB: V

see also ~d

3.

If you ~ someone a sum of money, you lend it to them, or pay it to them earlier than arranged.

I ~d him some money, which he would repay on our way home...

The bank ~d $1.2 billion to help the country with debt repayments.

= lend

VERB: V n n, V n

4.

An ~ is money which is lent or paid to someone before they would normally receive it.

She was paid a ?100,000 ~ for her next two novels.

N-COUNT

5.

To ~ an event, or the time or date of an event, means to bring it forward to an earlier time or date.

Too much protein in the diet may ~ the ageing process...

= bring forward

? put back

VERB: V n

6.

If you ~ a cause, interest, or claim, you support it and help to make it successful.

When not producing art of his own, Oliver was busy advancing the work of others.

= further

VERB: V n

7.

When a theory or argument is ~d, it is put forward for discussion.

Many theories have been ~d as to why some women suffer from depression...

= put forward

VERB: usu passive, be V-ed

8.

An ~ is a forward movement of people or vehicles, usually as part of a military operation.

...an ~ on enemy positions...

? retreat

N-VAR

9.

An ~ in a particular subject or activity is progress in understanding it or in doing it well.

Air safety has not improved since the dramatic ~s of the 1970s...

= development

N-VAR

10.

If something is an ~ on what was previously available or done, it is better in some way.

This could be an ~ on the present situation.

N-SING: usu a N on n

11.

Advance booking, notice, or warning is done or given before an event happens.

They don’t normally give any ~ notice about which building they’re going to inspect...

ADJ: ADJ n

12.

An ~ party or group is a small group of people who go on ahead of the main group.

The 20-strong ~ party will be followed by another 600 soldiers as part of UN relief efforts.

= expeditionary

ADJ: ADJ n

13.

If one thing happens or is done in ~ of another, it happens or is done before the other thing.

I had asked everyone to submit questions in ~ of the meeting.

= ahead

PREP-PHRASE

14.

If you do something in ~, you do it before a particular date or event.

The subject of the talk is announced a week in ~.

PHRASE: PHR after v

Collins COBUILD.      Толковый словарь английского языка для изучающих язык Коллинз COBUILD (международная база данных языков Бирмингемского университета) .