Meaning of CUT in English

CUT

INDEX:

1. with scissors, a knife, or a sharp object

2. to cut food

3. to cut part of your body, especially accidentally

4. when a doctor or scientist makes a cut in someone’s body

5. to cut someone’s hair, beard, or fingernails

6. to cut wood, plants, or grass

7. to remove something by cutting

8. to make a shape by cutting

RELATED WORDS

to reduce a price or amount : ↑ REDUCE

see also

↑ SHARP

↑ PIECE

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1. with scissors, a knife, or a sharp object

▷ cut /kʌt/ [transitive verb]

to divide something into two or more pieces, using a knife or scissors :

▪ He cut the string and carefully unwrapped the parcel.

cut something in two/cut something in half

▪ Mandy cut the paper in half and gave a piece to each child.

cut something up/cut up something

into several pieces

▪ Tommy sat on the floor, cutting up old magazines.

cut something open/cut open something

▪ Rescue workers had to use special equipment to cut open the steel doors.

▷ snip /snɪp/ [transitive verb]

to cut something with scissors using quick small cuts :

▪ She snipped the thread which held the two pieces of cloth together .

▷ slit /slɪt/ [transitive verb]

to make a long narrow cut through something, especially skin or cloth :

▪ He killed the goat by slitting its throat.

slit something open/slit open something

▪ Diane slit the envelope open with a knife.

slit your wrists

▪ Graham slit his wrists in a suicide attempt.

▷ slash /slæʃ/ [transitive verb]

to cut something quickly and violently with a knife, because you want to damage it or cause an injury :

▪ The painting had been slashed with a knife.

▪ Someone had slashed the tyres on Bayle’s car.

slash your wrists

:

▪ She slashed her wrists with a razor blade.

▷ stab /stæb/ [transitive verb]

to push a knife into someone’s body in order to kill or seriously injure them :

▪ Betty Carroll was stabbed 61 times and left to die on the floor of her Escondido home.

stab somebody in the heart/arm etc

:

▪ Luca stabbed her in the thigh with a breadknife.

stab somebody to death

kill someone by attacking them a knife :

▪ Kitty Davison was found stabbed to death one night in 1997.

▷ hack /hæk/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to cut something very roughly or violently

hack at something

:

▪ He picked up an axe and began hacking at the door.

hack somebody to death

:

▪ All of the victims had been hacked to death.

hack somebody/something to pieces

:

▪ The two women were hacked to pieces by their attackers.

2. to cut food

▷ cut /kʌt/ [transitive verb]

▪ Do you want me to cut the cake?

cut something into pieces/chunks

:

▪ Cut the fish into four pieces and serve hot or warm.

▷ chop/chop up /tʃɒp, ˌtʃɒp ˈʌpǁˌtʃɑːp-/ [transitive verb/transitive phrasal verb]

to cut something such as vegetables or meat into small pieces when you are preparing a meal :

▪ Chop two onions for the stew.

▪ Elsa was in the kitchen chopping up vegetables.

chop something into pieces/chunks/cubes

▪ Could you chop the eggplant into cubes for me?

chopped [adjective only before noun]

▪ Next, sprinkle some chopped walnuts on the salad.

▷ slice /slaɪs/ [transitive verb]

to cut food such as bread, meat, or vegetables into thin flat pieces :

▪ Wash and slice the mushrooms.

sliced [adjective only before noun]

▪ sliced white bread

▷ carve /kɑːʳv/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to cut a large piece of cooked meat into pieces :

▪ You start carving while I fetch the vegetables.

▪ Who’s going to carve the turkey?

▷ mince British /grind American /mɪns, graɪnd/ [transitive verb]

to cut raw meat into very small pieces, usually in a machine :

▪ Mince the meat and mix in the remaining ingredients.

minced/ground /mɪnst, graʊnd/ [adjective only before noun]

▪ minced beef

▷ grate /greɪt/ [transitive verb]

to cut cheese or vegetables into small thin pieces by rubbing them against a metal surface with holes in it :

▪ I always like to grate some cheese over the potatoes before serving them.

grated [adjective only before noun]

▪ grated orange peel

▷ shred /ʃred/ [transitive verb]

to cut food, especially vegetables with leaves, into long thin pieces :

▪ Remove the outside leaves and shred the cabbage finely.

shredded []

▪ a salad consisting of a few bits of shredded lettuce

▷ dice /daɪs/ [transitive verb]

to cut food, especially raw vegetables, into small square pieces :

▪ Dice the potatoes and cook them in salted water.

diced [adjective only before noun]

▪ Melt three tablespoons of butter in a saucepan and add the diced vegetables.

3. to cut part of your body, especially accidentally

▷ cut /kʌt/ [transitive verb]

▪ She cut her hand trying to open a can of sardines.

cut something on something

▪ One of the children had cut her foot on some glass.

cut yourself shaving

▪ Phil cut himself shaving this morning.

cut [countable noun]

▪ Several passengers were treated for cuts and bruises.

▷ scratch /skrætʃ/ [transitive verb]

to cut part of your body very slightly leaving a long very thin cut :

▪ The cat scratched me while I was playing with her.

▪ She found her friend, Felicia Moon, bruised and scratched after a fight with her husband.

scratch [countable noun]

a slight cut that is not at all deep :

▪ His face was covered in scratches.

▪ It’s just a scratch - nothing serious.

▷ graze/scrape /greɪz, skreɪp/ [transitive verb]

to slightly break the surface of your skin by rubbing against something, for example when you fall on the ground :

▪ Oliver fell down on the path and grazed his knee.

▪ I wasn’t really hurt - I scraped my elbows a bit, that’s all.

graze/scrape /greɪz, skreɪp/ [countable noun]

a slight wound on your skin where it has been rubbed against something hard and rough :

▪ He had a bit of a graze on his elbow, but otherwise he was fine.

▷ gash /gæʃ/ [countable noun]

a large, deep cut in someone’s skin :

▪ The accident left her with an ugly gash above the left eye.

▷ nick /nɪk/ [transitive verb]

to accidentally make a small cut in the surface of your skin :

▪ I must have nicked myself when I was shaving this morning.

4. when a doctor or scientist makes a cut in someone’s body

▷ make an incision /ˌmeɪk ən ɪnˈsɪʒ ə n/ [verb phrase]

to cut into someone’s body, using a special knife, during a medical operation :

▪ The surgeon began by making an incision about six inches long.

▷ dissect /dɪˈsekt, daɪ-/ [transitive verb]

to cut a dead animal or person into pieces in order to study it :

▪ The specimens were carefully dissected and examined under a microscope.

5. to cut someone’s hair, beard, or fingernails

▷ cut /kʌt/ [transitive verb]

▪ My sister usually cuts my hair.

▪ I wish you wouldn’t cut your fingernails in the living room.

have your hair cut

pay someone to cut it for you

▪ Beth’s at the salon having her hair cut.

▷ haircut /ˈheəʳkʌt/ [countable noun]

when someone cuts your hair :

▪ Isn’t it about time you had a haircut?

▷ shave /ʃeɪv/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to cut the hair on your face or body so that your skin feels smooth :

▪ Have you shaved today?

▪ I didn’t have time to shave my legs.

shave off something/shave something off

▪ I wish he’d shave off that awful beard!

shave [singular noun]

▪ He went upstairs and had a quick shave.

▷ trim /trɪm/ [transitive verb]

to cut a small amount off someone’s hair or beard, so that it looks neater :

▪ Could you just trim my hair at the back?

trim [singular noun]

▪ Ian gave Sue’s hair a trim before shampooing it. he quickly cut her hair

6. to cut wood, plants, or grass

▷ cut down/chop down /ˌkʌt ˈdaʊn, ˌtʃɒp ˈdaʊnǁˌtʃɑːp-/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to make trees or bushes fall down by cutting them

cut/chop something down

:

▪ The tree was blocking the view from our window, and we asked a neighbour to chop it down.

cut/chop down something

:

▪ Cutting down vast areas of the rainforests has created serious ecological problems.

▷ fell /fel/ [transitive verb]

to cut down trees, especially a large number of them, using special equipment :

▪ 63 percent of trees felled in Guatemala are used for fuel.

▪ More trees are being felled annually now than ever before.

▷ chop/chop up /tʃɒp, ˌtʃɒp ˈʌpǁˌtʃɑːp-/ [transitive verb/transitive phrasal verb]

to cut wood into pieces using an axe (=a tool with a long handle and a sharp blade) :

▪ Ivan spent the day chopping wood and sawing logs.

chop something up/chop up something

▪ I chopped up the old fence and used it for firewood.

▷ cut /kʌt/ [transitive verb]

to cut grass or cut off leaves, in order to make a place or plant look tidy :

▪ She had to stand on a ladder to cut the top of the hedge.

cut the lawn/grass

▪ My dad used to cut the grass every Sunday morning.

▷ mow /məʊ/ [transitive verb]

to cut grass using a special machine, in order to make it look tidy

mow the lawn/the grass

:

▪ It took me two hours to mow the lawn.

▷ saw /sɔː/ [transitive verb]

to cut wood using a saw sharp tool that you push backwards and forwards across the surface of the wood :

▪ We had to saw the wood to the right length, and then nail the pieces together.

saw something up/saw up something

into several pieces :

▪ It took all morning to saw up the logs.

▷ prune /pruːn/ [transitive verb]

to cut off some of the branches of a tree or bush to make it grow better :

▪ Miniature roses do not need much pruning and are ideal for planting in pots.

▪ What’s the best time of the year for pruning apple trees?

▷ trim /trɪm/ [transitive verb]

to cut small amounts off something, especially a bush, in order to make it have a neat shape or surface :

▪ Do you think the hedge needs trimming?

▷ hack /hæk/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to cut trees, plants etc by hitting them with a heavy knife or other sharp tool using short violent movements :

hack at

▪ Robert was hacking at the base of the tree with an axe.

hack your way through/hack a path through

make a path by cutting down plants and trees

▪ They managed to hack their way through the jungle.

7. to remove something by cutting

▷ cut off /ˌkʌt ˈɒf/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to cut part of something away from the rest of it :

cut off something

▪ Cut off the stalks of the broccoli.

cut something off

▪ She took the cheese and cut a big piece off.

▷ chop off /ˌtʃɒp ˈɒfǁˌtʃɑːp-/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to cut something off by hitting it hard or cutting it with a sharp tool :

chop off something

▪ Chop off the tops of the carrots.

chop something off

▪ Careful you don’t chop your fingers off!

▷ snip off /ˌsnɪp ˈɒf/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to quickly remove something using scissors

snip something off/snip off something

:

▪ Snip the ends of the beans off before you cook them.

▪ After the plant finishes blooming, snip off the dead flowers.

▷ lop off /ˌlɒp ˈɒf ǁˌlɑːp-/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to cut a part of something off, especially a branch of a tree

lop off something/lop something off

:

▪ Workmen have lopped off some of the branches in an effort to save the tree.

▷ amputate /ˈæmpjɑteɪt/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to cut off someone’s arm, leg, or foot as a medical operation :

▪ He damaged his leg so badly that it had to be amputated.

amputation /ˌæmpjɑˈteɪʃ ə n/ [countable/uncountable noun]

▪ If the infection spreads quickly, amputation may be necessary.

▷ sever /ˈsevəʳ/ [transitive verb usually passive]

to cut off a part of someone’s body in an accident or an attack :

▪ The victim’s head had been severed in the accident.

severed [adjective only before noun]

▪ Surgeons were able to sew the severed finger back on.

▷ gouge somebody’s eyes out /ˌgaʊdʒ somebodyˈs ˈaɪz aʊt/ [verb phrase]

to remove someone’s eyes with a pointed weapon or object :

gouge somebody’s eyes out/gouge out somebody’s eyes

▪ McLaren accused Roberts of trying to gouge his eyes out during the fight.

8. to make a shape by cutting

▷ cut /kʌt/ [transitive verb]

cut something into a square/circle etc

▪ First cut the paper into a triangle.

:

cut out something/cut something out

▪ Stella stood at the kitchen table, cutting out the pattern for a new dress.

▪ The children drew Christmas trees on their pieces of paper and cut them out carefully.

▷ carve /kɑːʳv/ [transitive verb]

to cut shapes out of solid wood or stone :

▪ Michelangelo carved this figure from a single block of marble.

carved [adjective]

▪ The church has intricately carved doors.

▷ whittle /ˈwɪtl/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to cut a piece of wood into a particular shape by cutting off small pieces with a small knife :

▪ He took out his penknife and began whittling a piece of wood.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .