Meaning of DEAD in English

DEAD

/ ded; NAmE / adjective , noun , adverb

■ adjective

NOT ALIVE

1.

no longer alive :

My mother's dead; she died in 1987.

a dead person / animal

dead leaves / wood / skin

He was shot dead by a gunman outside his home.

Catherine's dead body lay peacefully on the bed.

He dropped dead (= died suddenly) last week.

The poor child looks more dead than alive .

( figurative )

In ten years he'll be dead and buried as a politician.

IDEA / BELIEF / PLAN

2.

[ not before noun ] no longer believed in or aimed for :

Many believe the peace plan is dead.

Unfortunately racism is not yet dead.

Though the idea may be dead, it is far from being buried (= people still talk about it, even though there is nothing new to say) .

NOT USED

3.

belonging to the past; no longer practised or fashionable :

Is the Western a dead art form?

a dead language (= one that is no longer spoken, for example Latin)

FINISHED

4.

( informal ) finished; not able to be used any more :

dead matches

There were two dead bottles of wine on the table.

MACHINE

5.

( of machines or equipment ) not working because of a lack of power :

a dead battery

The hard disk is dead.

Suddenly the phone went dead .

PLACE

6.

( informal , disapproving ) very quiet, without activity or interest :

There were no theatres, no cinemas, no coffee bars. It was dead as anything.

BUSINESS

7.

( informal , disapproving ) without activity; with nobody buying or selling anything :

'The market is absolutely dead this morning,' said one foreign exchange trader.

Winter is traditionally the dead season for the housing market.

TIRED

8.

[ not usually before noun ] ( informal ) extremely tired; not well :

half dead with cold and hunger

She felt dead on her feet and didn't have the energy to question them further.

WITHOUT FEELING

9.

[ not before noun ] ( of a part of the body ) unable to feel because of cold, etc.

SYN numb :

My left arm had gone dead .

10.

~ to sth unable to feel or understand emotions

SYN insensitive :

He was dead to all feelings of pity.

11.

( especially of sb's voice, eyes or face ) showing no emotion

SYN expressionless :

She said, 'I'm sorry, too,' in a quiet, dead voice.

His usually dead grey eyes were sparkling.

COMPLETE / EXACT

12.

[ only before noun ] complete or exact :

a dead silence / calm

the dead centre of the target

The car gave a sudden jerk and came to a dead stop .

( BrE )

This horse is a dead cert for (= will certainly win) the race tomorrow.

She crumpled to the floor in a dead faint (= completely unconscious) .

NEVER ALIVE

13.

never having been alive :

dead matter (= for example rock)

a dead planet (= one with no life on it)

IN SPORT

14.

outside the playing area

IDIOMS

- be a dead ringer for sb

- (as) dead as a / the dodo

- (as) dead as a doornail

- a dead duck

- be dead and gone

- the dead hand of sth

- dead in the water

- dead meat

- dead to the world

- over my dead body

- sb wouldn't be seen / caught dead ...

—more at flog , knock verb

■ noun the dead

1.

[ pl. ] people who have died :

The dead and wounded in that one attack amounted to 6 000.

2.

[ sing. ] the state of being dead :

Christians believe that God raised Jesus from the dead.

( figurative )

In nine years he has brought his party back from the dead almost to the brink of power.

IDIOMS

- in the dead of night

- in the dead of winter

■ adverb

( informal )

COMPLETELY

1.

completely; exactly :

You're dead right!

( BrE )

a dead straight road

( BrE )

The train was dead on time.

He's dead against the idea.

The sight made him stop dead in his tracks (= stop suddenly) .

She's dead set on getting (= determined to get) this new job.

VERY

2.

( BrE , informal ) very; extremely :

The instructions are dead easy to follow.

You were dead lucky to get that job.

I was dead scared.

IDIOMS

- cut sb dead

—more at right noun

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English dēad , of Germanic origin: related to Dutch dood and German tot , also to die .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.