Meaning of RISE in English

RISE

/ raɪz; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

INCREASE

1.

[ C ] rise (in sth) an increase in an amount, a number or a level :

The industry is feeling the effects of recent price rises.

There has been a sharp rise in the number of people out of work.

2.

[ C ] ( BrE ) ( NAmE raise ) an increase in the money you are paid for the work you do :

I'm going to ask for a rise.

He criticized the huge pay rises awarded to industry bosses.

IN POWER / IMPORTANCE

3.

[ sing. ] rise (of sb/sth) the act of becoming more important, successful, powerful, etc. :

the rise of fascism in Europe

the rise and fall of the British Empire

her meteoric rise to power

UPWARD MOVEMENT

4.

[ sing. ] an upward movement :

She watched the gentle rise and fall of his chest as he slept.

SLOPING LAND

5.

[ C ] an area of land that slopes upwards

SYN slope :

The church was built at the top of a small rise.

—see also high-rise

IDIOMS

- get a rise out of sb

- give rise to sth

■ verb

( rose / rəʊz; NAmE roʊz/ risen / ˈrɪzn; NAmE /) [ v ]

MOVE UPWARDS

1.

to come or go upwards; to reach a higher level or position :

Smoke was rising from the chimney.

The river has risen (by) several metres.

GET UP

2.

( formal ) to get up from a lying, sitting or kneeling position

SYN get up :

He was accustomed to rising (= getting out of bed) early.

They rose from the table.

She rose to her feet.

➡ note at stand

OF SUN / MOON

3.

when the sun, moon, etc. rises , it appears above the horizon :

The sun rises in the east.

OPP set

END MEETING

4.

( formal ) ( of a group of people ) to end a meeting

SYN adjourn :

The House (= members of the House of Commons) rose at 10 p.m.

INCREASE

5.

to increase in amount or number :

rising fuel bills

The price of gas rose.

Gas rose in price .

Unemployment rose (by) 3%.

Air pollution has risen above an acceptable level.

BECOME POWERFUL / IMPORTANT

6.

to become more successful, important, powerful, etc. :

a rising young politician

She rose to power in the 70s.

He rose to the rank of general.

She rose through the ranks to become managing director.

OF SOUND

7.

if a sound rises , it become louder and higher :

Her voice rose angrily.

OF WIND

8.

if the wind rises , it begins to blow more strongly

SYN get up

OF FEELING

9.

( formal ) if a feeling rises inside you, it begins and gets stronger :

He felt anger rising inside him.

Her spirits rose (= she felt happier) at the news.

OF YOUR COLOUR

10.

( formal ) if your colour rises , your face becomes pink or red with embarrassment

OF HAIR

11.

if hair rises , it stands vertical instead of lying flat :

The hair on the back of my neck rose when I heard the scream.

FIGHT

12.

rise (up) (against sb/sth) ( formal ) to begin to fight against your ruler or government or against a foreign army

SYN rebel :

The peasants rose in revolt.

He called on the people to rise up against the invaders.

—related noun uprising

BECOME VISIBLE

13.

( formal ) to be or become visible above the surroundings :

Mountains rose in the distance.

OF LAND

14.

if land rises , it slopes upwards :

The ground rose steeply all around.

OF BEGINNING OF RIVER

15.

a river rises where it begins to flow :

The Thames rises in the Cotswold hills.

OF BREAD / CAKES

16.

when bread, cakes, etc. rise , they swell because of the action of yeast or baking powder

OF DEAD PERSON

17.

rise (from sth) to come to life again :

to rise from the dead

( figurative )

Can a new party rise from the ashes of the old one?

IDIOMS

- rise and shine

—more at gorge noun , hackles , height

PHRASAL VERBS

- rise above sth

- rise to sth

••

WHICH WORD

rise / raise

Verbs

Raise is a verb that must have an object and rise is used without an object. When you raise something, you lift it to a higher position or increase it:

He raised his head from the pillow.

We were forced to raise the price.

When people or things rise , they move from a lower to a higher position:

She rose from the chair.

The helicopter rose into the air.

Rise can also mean 'to increase in number or quantity':

Costs are always rising.

Nouns

The noun rise means a movement upwards or an increase in an amount or quantity:

a rise in interest rates.

In BrE it can also be used to mean an increase in pay:

Should I ask my boss for a rise?

In NAmE this is a raise :

a three per cent pay raise.

Rise can also mean the process of becoming more powerful or important:

his dramatic rise to power.

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English rīsan make an attack , wake, get out of bed , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch rijzen and German reisen .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.