Meaning of PRESSURE in English

PRESSURE

n. & v.

--n.

1. a the exertion of continuous force on or against a body by another in contact with it. b the force exerted. c the amount of this (expressed by the force on a unit area) (atmospheric pressure).

2 urgency; the need to meet a deadline etc. (work under pressure).

3 affliction or difficulty (under financial pressure).

4 constraining influence (if pressure is brought to bear).

--v.tr.

1. apply (esp. moral) pressure to.

2 a coerce. b (often foll. by into) persuade (was pressured into attending).

Phrases and idioms:

pressure-cook cook in a pressure-cooker. pressure-cooker an airtight pan for cooking quickly under steam pressure. pressure gauge a gauge showing the pressure of steam etc. pressure group a group or association formed to promote a particular interest or cause by influencing public policy. pressure point

1. a point where an artery can be pressed against a bone to inhibit bleeding.

2 a point on the skin sensitive to pressure.

3 a target for political pressure or influence. pressure suit an inflatable suit for flying at a high altitude.

Etymology: ME f. L pressura (as PRESS(1))

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.