Meaning of YEAR IN REVIEW 1996: SPORTS-AND-GAMES in English


ARCHERY At the 1995 world outdoor target archery championships, held in Jakarta, Indon., August 1-6, the United States won the combined team men's trophy, and Sweden took the women's prize. For the first time since the formation of the sport's governing body in 1931, a new bow division, the Compound, was included in the competition. The tournament had particular significance because it was the qualifying meet for the 1996 Olympic Games. Individual men's winners included, in the Olympic Division, Lee Kyung Chul of South Korea and, in the Compound Division, Gary Broadhead of the U.S. The women's champions were Natalya Valeyeva of Moldova in the Olympic Division and Angela Moscarelli of the U.S. in the Compound. Men's team winners were South Korea in the Olympic Division and France in the Compound. The champion women's teams were South Korea in the Olympic Division and the U.S. in the Compound. The U.S. gained the most medals in the tournament, with three golds, two silvers, and two bronzes. South Korea placed second with three golds and two bronzes. In March the U.S. National Field Archery Association (NFAA) held its annual indoor championship in Tulsa, Okla. When all 1,000 archers had shot their last arrow, Carolyn Elder and Jason Street were the Limited winners. Linda Klosterman won the women's Unlimited title, and Kenny Young won his first national Unlimited championship with a strong perfect second round. The 1995 NFAA National Field outdoor champions were crowned in July at Wausau, Wis. The 1995 Limited titles were won by Carolyn Elder and Steve Gibbs. Nancy Zorn won the women's Unlimited championship, and Mike Leiter won his seventh men's Unlimited title. The highlight of the weeklong tournament was the first-ever perfect 560 Hunter round shot by Terry Ragsdale. (LARRY WISE) AUTOMOBILE RACING Michael Schumacher began the 1995 International Formula One racing season as the world champion driver, the first German to hold the title, but the Williams-Renaults, to be raced by Damon Hill and newcomer David Coulthard of Scotland, were regarded as better cars than Schumacher's Benetton-Renaults. As the season unfolded, Schumacher proved himself the finest exponent of this exacting and dangerous sport, and four races before the end of the season, he had again clinched the world championship and had ousted Williams from the constructors' title. The season opened in So Paulo, Brazil, where Schumacher finished first and Coulthard was second. At the Argentine Grand Prix in Buenos Aires, Hill retrieved his reputation, winning the 305-km (190-mi) race for Williams. The third round took place in San Marino. Schumacher led until crashing on the wet course. Coulthard pressed Hill, but the latter gained the victory. In the Spanish Grand Prix at Barcelona, the Benettons placed first and second, with Schumacher ahead of Britain's Johnny Herbert. The inimitable "round-the-streets" race at Monaco was the fifth round of the championship series. Schumacher won after one refueling stop, with Hill second. The Schumacher-Hill battle seemed likely to be continued at Montreal, but in the Canadian Grand Prix there, a faulty gearbox dropped the former to fifth place and Hill fell behind the Ferraris, slowed by hydraulic maladies. Jean Alesi of France in a Ferrari won his first Grand Prix. At Magny-Cours in the French Grand Prix, Schumacher and Hill again dueled for the lead, with the latter making a good start, but the two fuel stops that each one made decided the race, Schumacher winning by 31.3 seconds. In the British Grand Prix at Silverstone, a collision between Schumacher and Hill 15 laps from the finish allowed Herbert to win in the other Benetton. Alesi placed second. In the German Grand Prix at Hockenheim, Hill made a blazing start, only to go off at the first corner on lap two; a worn driveshaft was blamed. Even though Schumacher made two stops to Coulthard's one, he established such an advantage that he was able to come in for his second stop without losing the lead. Hill returned to the winner's circle at the Hungarian Grand Prix, with Coulthard coming in second. In the Belgian Grand Prix, Schumacher started far back but had made up eight places by the third lap. Then, when rain caused Hill to change to "wet" tires, Schumacher stayed on "dry" ones, and owing to his wonderful display of skill, his strategy paid off with a victory in the race. In the Italian Grand Prix at Monza, Hill shunted Schumacher out of the race as they were overtaking Japanese driver Taki Inoue. Herbert was the winner. In Portugal Coulthard drove a sound race to win from Schumacher. The European Grand Prix at the Nurburgring was frustrating for Hill, who crashed in pursuit of Coulthard, his hopes for the world championship expiring at that moment. Schumacher again made a great overtaking pass three laps from the finish to win. The competition then moved to Japan. The Pacific Grand Prix at Aida became a race of clever tactics by Benetton, resulting in a victory for Schumacher. In the Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka, Schumacher equaled Nigel Mansell's nine wins in one season when he finished first. In the season finale, the Australian Grand Prix at Adelaide, Hill drove a well-calculated race to win for Williams. Schumacher was rammed by Alesi's Ferrari, both cars retiring. (WILLIAM C. BODDY)

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