Meaning of SUBJECT in English

The noun and adjective are pronounced /sʌbdʒɪkt/. The verb is pronounced /səbdʒekt/.

( subjected)

Frequency: The word is one of the 1500 most common words in English.


The subject of something such as a conversation, letter, or book is the thing that is being discussed or written about.

It was I who first raised the subject of plastic surgery.

...the president’s own views on the subject.



Someone or something that is the subject of criticism, study, or an investigation is being criticized, studied, or investigated.

Over the past few years, some of the positions Mr. Meredith has adopted have made him the subject of criticism...

He’s now the subject of an official inquiry.

N-COUNT : N of n


A subject is an area of knowledge or study, especially one that you study at school, college, or university.

...a tutor in maths and science subjects.



In an experiment or piece of research, the subject is the person or animal that is being tested or studied. ( FORMAL )

‘White noise’ was played into the subject’s ears through headphones...



An artist’s subjects are the people, animals, or objects that he or she paints, models, or photographs.

Her favourite subjects are shells spotted on beach walks.

N-COUNT : with supp


In grammar, the subject of a clause is the noun group that refers to the person or thing that is doing the action expressed by the verb. For example, in ‘My cat keeps catching birds’, ‘my cat’ is the subject.



To be subject to something means to be affected by it or to be likely to be affected by it.

Prices may be subject to alteration...

In addition, interest on Treasury issues isn’t subject to state and local income taxes.

ADJ : v-link ADJ to n


If someone is subject to a particular set of rules or laws, they have to obey those rules or laws.

The tribunal is unique because Mr Jones is not subject to the normal police discipline code.

ADJ : v-link ADJ to n


If you subject someone to something unpleasant, you make them experience it.

...the man who had subjected her to four years of beatings and abuse...

VERB : V n to n


The people who live in or belong to a particular country, usually one ruled by a monarch, are the subjects of that monarch or country.

Roughly half of them are British subjects.

N-COUNT : with supp


When someone involved in a conversation changes the subject , they start talking about something else, often because the previous subject was embarrassing.

He tried to change the subject, but she wasn’t to be put off.

PHRASE : V inflects


If an event will take place subject to a condition, it will take place only if that thing happens.

They denied a report that Egypt had agreed to a summit, subject to certain conditions.


Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Английский словарь Коллинз COBUILD для изучающих язык на продвинутом уровне.