Meaning of SUBJECT in English

SUBJECT

I. ˈsəb-jikt, -(ˌ)jekt noun

Etymology: Middle English suget, subget, from Anglo-French, from Latin subjectus one under authority & subjectum subject of a proposition, from masculine & neuter respectively of subjectus, past participle of subicere to subject, literally, to throw under, from sub- + jacere to throw — more at jet

Date: 14th century

1. : one that is placed under authority or control: as

a. : vassal

b.

(1) : one subject to a monarch and governed by the monarch's law

(2) : one who lives in the territory of, enjoys the protection of, and owes allegiance to a sovereign power or state

2.

a. : that of which a quality, attribute, or relation may be affirmed or in which it may inhere

b. : substratum ; especially : material or essential substance

c. : the mind, ego, or agent of whatever sort that sustains or assumes the form of thought or consciousness

3.

a. : a department of knowledge or learning

b. : motive , cause

c.

(1) : one that is acted on

the helpless subject of their cruelty

(2) : an individual whose reactions or responses are studied

(3) : a dead body for anatomical study and dissection

d.

(1) : something concerning which something is said or done

the subject of the essay

(2) : something represented or indicated in a work of art

e.

(1) : the term of a logical proposition that denotes the entity of which something is affirmed or denied ; also : the entity denoted

(2) : a word or word group denoting that of which something is predicated

f. : the principal melodic phrase on which a musical composition or movement is based

Synonyms: see citizen

• sub·ject·less -ləs adjective

II. adjective

Date: 14th century

1. : owing obedience or allegiance to the power or dominion of another

2.

a. : suffering a particular liability or exposure

subject to temptation

b. : having a tendency or inclination : prone

subject to colds

3. : contingent on or under the influence of some later action

the plan is subject to discussion

Synonyms: see liable

III. səb-ˈjekt, ˈsəb-ˌjekt transitive verb

Date: 14th century

1.

a. : to bring under control or dominion : subjugate

b. : to make (as oneself) amenable to the discipline and control of a superior

2. : to make liable : predispose

3. : to cause or force to undergo or endure (something unpleasant, inconvenient, or trying)

was subject ed to constant verbal abuse

• sub·jec·tion səb-ˈjek-shən noun

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.