Meaning of WEIGHT in English

WEIGHT

■ noun

1》 a body's relative mass or the quantity of matter contained by it, giving rise to a downward force; heaviness.

↘ Physics the force exerted on the mass of a body by a gravitational field.

↘the quality of being heavy.

↘a unit or system of units used for expressing how much something weighs.

2》 a piece of metal known to weigh a definite amount and used on scales to determine how heavy something is.

↘a heavy object, especially one being lifted or carried or used as a counterpoise in a mechanism.

↘( ~s ) heavy blocks or discs used in ~lifting or ~ training.

3》 the surface density of cloth, used as a measure of its quality.

4》 ability to influence decisions or actions.

↘the importance attached to something.

5》 a feeling of oppression or pressure: a ~ on one's mind.

6》 Statistics a factor associated with one of a set of numerical quantities, used to represent its importance relative to the other members of the set.

■ verb

1》 hold (something) down by placing a heavy object on top of it.

2》 attach importance or value to.

↘plan or arrange so as to give someone or something an advantage.

3》 Statistics multiply the components of (an average) by factors to take account of their importance.

4》 assign a handicap ~ to (a horse).

5》 treat (a fabric) with a mineral to make it seem thicker and heavier.

Phrases

be worth one's ~ in gold be very useful or helpful.

throw one's ~ about (or around ) informal be unpleasantly self-assertive.

Origin

OE (ge)wiht , of Gmc origin; form influenced by weigh 1 .

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