Meaning of WEIGHT in English

WEIGHT

n. & v.

--n.

1. Physics a the force experienced by a body as a result of the earth's gravitation (cf. MASS(1) n. 8). b any similar force with which a body tends to a centre of attraction.

2 the heaviness of a body regarded as a property of it; its relative mass or the quantity of matter contained by it giving rise to a downward force (is twice your weight; kept in position by its weight).

3 a the quantitative expression of a body's weight (has a weight of three pounds). b a scale of such weights (troy weight).

4 a body of a known weight for use in weighing.

5 a heavy body esp. used in a mechanism etc. (a clock worked by weights).

6 a load or burden (a weight off my mind).

7 a influence, importance (carried weight with the public). b preponderance (the weight of evidence was against them).

8 a heavy object thrown as an athletic exercise; SHOT(1) 7.

9 the surface density of cloth etc. as a measure of its suitability.

--v.tr.

1. a attach a weight to. b hold down with a weight or weights.

2 (foll. by with) impede or burden.

3 Statistics multiply the components of (an average) by factors to take account of their importance.

4 assign a handicap weight to (a horse).

5 treat (a fabric) with a mineral etc. to make it seem stouter.

Phrases and idioms:

put on weight

1. increase one's weight.

2 get fat. throw one's weight about (or around) colloq. be unpleasantly self-assertive. worth one's weight in gold (of a person) exceedingly useful or helpful.

Etymology: OE (ge)wiht f. Gmc: cf. WEIGH(1)

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.