Meaning of CLEAN in English

CLEAN

INDEX:

1. not dirty

2. completely clean so that diseases cannot spread

3. when you keep things clean to prevent disease

4. to clean a room, house etc

5. to make something clean with a cloth

6. to clean something with a brush

7. to clean something with a special cleaning machine

8. someone whose job is to clean things

RELATED WORDS

opposite

↑ DIRTY

clean something with water, soap etc : ↑ WASH

to remove dirt, marks etc from something : ↑ REMOVE (3-4, 7)

see also

↑ TIDY

↑ SHINE/SHINY

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1. not dirty

▷ clean /kliːn/ [adjective]

not dirty :

▪ He changed into a clean shirt.

▪ I’ll put some clean sheets on the bed.

▪ A large house is difficult to keep clean.

nice and clean/lovely and clean

British very clean

▪ Our hotel room was lovely and clean.

▷ spotlessly clean/spotless /ˌspɒtləsli ˈkliːnǁ ˌspɑːt-, ˈspɒtləsǁˈspɑːt-/ [adjective]

completely clean - use this especially about clothes, rooms, or houses :

▪ Nina keeps the kitchen absolutely spotless.

▪ He was wearing a spotlessly clean white shirt.

▷ immaculate /ɪˈmækjɑlɪt, ɪˈmækjɑlət/ [adjective]

things that are immaculate are completely clean and look new :

▪ She wore an immaculate grey suit and a tasteful, blue woven hat.

▪ The house was absolutely immaculate.

▷ spick and span /ˌspɪk ən ˈspæn/ [adjective phrase]

a room or house that is spick and span is very clean and tidy :

▪ Every room in the house was spick and span.

▪ We’ll have the place spick and span in no time.

2. completely clean so that diseases cannot spread

▷ clean /kliːn/ [adjective]

▪ Three out of five people in developing countries have no easy access to clean water.

▪ The department is responsible for maintaining the bedrooms and public rooms in a clean and sanitary condition.

▷ pure /pjʊəʳ/ [adjective]

water or air that is pure is completely clean and does not contain anything harmful such as dirt or bacteria :

▪ It felt good to get away from the city and breathe in some pure mountain air.

▪ The water in the lake is so pure you can drink it.

purity /ˈpjʊ ə rɪti, ˈpjʊ ə rəti/ [uncountable noun]

▪ There is concern about the purity of our tap water.

▷ hygienic /haɪˈdʒiːnɪkǁ-ˈdʒe-, -ˈdʒiː-/ [adjective]

extremely clean so that diseases are unlikely to spread :

▪ Cleansall kills germs as well, leaving your kitchen clean and hygienic.

hygienic conditions

▪ Meat products must always be kept in hygienic conditions.

▷ sterile /ˈsteraɪlǁ-rəl/ [adjective]

completely clean, free from bacteria, and safe for medical or scientific purposes :

▪ Red Cross officials say they are running short of disinfectant and sterile bandages.

▪ Giving blood is perfectly safe. All equipment is sterile, used once and thrown away.

3. when you keep things clean to prevent disease

▷ hygiene /ˈhaɪdʒiːn/ [uncountable noun]

the practice of keeping yourself and the place where you live or work clean, so that diseases cannot spread :

▪ Restaurants may be closed down if they fail to maintain minimum standards of hygiene.

▪ Schools should have policies to ensure good hygiene in kitchen areas.

personal hygiene

the practice of keeping your body clean

▪ A healthy lifestyle includes having a nutritious diet and good personal hygiene.

▷ disinfect /ˌdɪsɪnˈfekt, ˌdɪsənˈfekt/ [transitive verb]

to use chemicals to clean a place, a piece of equipment, or a wound, in order to prevent disease :

▪ The nurse cleaned and disinfected the cuts on his hands.

▪ Disinfect the toilet regularly using bleach.

▷ sterilize also sterilise British /ˈsterɪlaɪz, ˈsterəlaɪz/ [transitive verb]

to make something safe to use by heating it or using chemicals, in order to kill all bacteria and prevent disease - use this about medical or scientific equipment, or babies’ bottles :

▪ Has the needle been sterilized?

▪ Babies’ bottles can be sterilized simply by boiling them in water.

4. to clean a room, house etc

▷ clean /kliːn/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to make something clean by removing the dirt, dust etc :

▪ I clean the windows every Saturday.

▪ Tony was cleaning the inside of his car.

▪ How often do you clean the kitchen?

clean something up/clean up something

remove dirt by cleaning, especially in a room, from a floor etc

▪ There was mud all over the carpet, and it took me a long time to clean it up.

clean your teeth

British

▪ I always clean my teeth last thing at night.

clean behind/under etc

▪ Make sure you clean behind the stove.

cleaning [uncountable noun]

when you clean things, especially in a room, or a house :

▪ I spent the whole weekend cleaning.

do the cleaning

▪ Her husband does most of the cleaning.

▷ clean out /ˌkliːn ˈaʊt/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to completely clean a room, cupboard etc, especially by taking everything out and putting it back in neatly :

clean out something

▪ The apartment needs to be cleaned out before a new tenant can move in.

▪ I think it’s time we cleaned out the garage.

clean something out

▪ We really need to clean the refrigerator out.

▷ spring-clean /ˌsprɪŋ ˈkliːn/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to clean your whole house very thoroughly, including things that you do not clean very often :

▪ Barry spent the day spring-cleaning.

▪ I want to spring-clean the whole apartment before Easter.

▷ housework /ˈhaʊswɜːʳk/ [uncountable noun]

the things that you do to keep your house clean and tidy :

▪ Housework takes up most of my time in the evenings.

do (the) housework

▪ I hate doing housework so I pay someone to do it for me.

5. to make something clean with a cloth

▷ wipe /waɪp/ [transitive verb]

to remove dirt or liquid from something using a slightly wet cloth :

▪ The waiter was wiping the tables.

wipe something up

▪ If you spill any paint, wipe it up immediately.

wipe up something

▪ Wipe up all that mess before you begin cooking.

▷ dust /dʌst/ [transitive verb]

to remove dust from furniture, shelves etc using a soft cloth :

▪ She decided to dust the dining room furniture again.

dust behind/under etc

▪ A thorough cleaning includes dusting under the wardrobes.

▪ She didn’t often dust behind the pictures.

▷ polish /ˈpɒlɪʃǁˈpɑː-/ [transitive verb]

to make something clean and shiny, for example your shoes or a piece of furniture, by rubbing it with a cloth or brush :

▪ He polished the piano until the wood shone.

▪ a polished wooden floor

▷ shine /ʃaɪn/ [transitive verb]

to make shoes clean and shiny by rubbing or polishing them with a brush or cloth and shoe polish :

▪ If you’re coming, you’d better shine your shoes and put on a clean shirt.

have/get your shoes shined

▪ You should have your shoes shined before the interview.

shine [singular noun]

▪ Those shoes need a shine to be shined .

6. to clean something with a brush

▷ brush /brʌʃ/ [transitive verb]

to clean something with a brush :

▪ You should brush your jacket -- it’s covered in dust.

brush something off

▪ I brushed the crumbs off the sofa.

brush your teeth

▪ Have you brushed your teeth yet?

▷ scrub /skrʌb/ [transitive verb]

to clean something by rubbing it hard with a brush and some water or soap :

▪ Part of my job was to wash the dishes and scrub the floors.

▪ Scrub the potatoes and boil them for 5-10 minutes.

▷ sweep /swiːp/ [transitive verb]

to clean the floor or the ground using a brush with a long handle :

▪ When everyone had left, Ed swept the floor.

sweep up something/sweep something up

remove something from a floor by sweeping

▪ Can you help me sweep up all the pieces of glass?

▷ scour /skaʊəʳ/ [transitive verb]

to rub a cooking pan or hard surface with a piece of rough material in order to clean it :

▪ I scoured the pots and pans.

▪ Scour the bowl with a mixture of vinegar and baking soda.

7. to clean something with a special cleaning machine

▷ vacuum also hoover British /ˈvækjuəm, -kjʊm, ˈhuːvəʳ/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to clean something using a special machine that sucks dirt up off the floor etc :

▪ Have you vacuumed the carpets?

▪ You do the hoovering and I’ll finish the kitchen.

8. someone whose job is to clean things

▷ cleaner /ˈkliːnəʳ/ [countable noun]

someone who is paid to clean a house or office :

▪ We finish work at six, and then the cleaners come in.

▪ a window cleaner

▷ cleaner’s/dry cleaner’s /ˈkliːnəʳz, ˌdraɪ ˈkliːnəʳz/ [countable noun]

a shop where you can take your clothes to be cleaned, especially with chemicals, not water :

▪ My suit is at the dry cleaner’s.

▪ Can you collect my dress from the cleaner’s?

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .