Meaning of DIG in English


1. to dig earth out of the ground

2. to remove something from the ground by digging


see also



1. to dig earth out of the ground

▷ dig /dɪg/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to make a hole in the ground, using your hands, a tool, or a machine :

▪ I found two dogs digging in the garden, looking for bones.

▪ He was paid twelve dollars an hour to dig ditches and mix cement.

dig for something

in order to find something

▪ There were two fishermen on the beach digging for worms.

dig a hole/ditch/grave etc

▪ The workmen began digging a hole in the middle of the road.

▪ Some of the prisoners escaped through a tunnel they had dug under the wall.

▷ excavate /ˈekskəveɪt/ [transitive verb] formal

excavate a hole/chamber/trench etc

to dig a deep or large hole, especially as a preparation for building something :

▪ The turtle excavates a hole in the sand and then lays its eggs in it.

▪ Workers had already begun excavating the foundations for the house.

▷ tunnel /ˈtʌnl/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to dig a long passage under the ground, especially one that people or vehicles can go through :

tunnel under/beneath/through etc

▪ Special drilling equipment is being used to tunnel beneath the sea bed.

▪ worms tunnelling through the mud

tunnel your way out/through/under etc

▪ After days of digging, the prisoners finally tunnelled their way out of the camp and escaped.

▷ burrow /ˈbʌrəʊǁˈbɜːrəʊ/ [intransitive/transitive verb not in passive]

if an animal burrows, it makes a passage under the ground by digging through the earth as it moves forward :

burrow into/under/through

▪ Toads burrow into the earth to hide from their enemies.

burrow a hole

▪ The rabbits had burrowed a hole under the fence.

▷ plough British /plow American /plaʊ/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to turn over the earth in a field using a special tool or machine in order to prepare it for growing crops :

▪ The fields are ploughed as soon as the winter crop is removed.

▪ Farmers were plowing their land and planting cotton seeds.

2. to remove something from the ground by digging

▷ dig out /ˌdɪg ˈaʊt/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to remove something that is just below or partly below the surface of the ground by digging :

dig somebody/something out

▪ What do we do with these trees after we’ve dug them out?

▪ The spade was missing, and we had no choice but to dig the weeds out by hand.

dig out something

▪ A couple of local people helped us dig out the car, which was by now completely stuck in the mud.

▷ dig up /ˌdɪg ˈʌp/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to dig, and remove something from the ground that is buried or that is growing there :

dig up something

▪ Thieves came in the night and dug up the body.

▪ I don’t know why archaeologists get such a thrill from digging up broken pots.

dig something up

▪ Squirrels bury hundreds of nuts, then dig them up in winter when food is scarce.

▷ excavate /ˈekskəveɪt/ [transitive verb]

to remove ancient objects from the ground or uncover ancient houses, villages etc, by taking away the earth carefully :

▪ Archaeologists are excavating a Bronze Age settlement on the outskirts of the village.

▪ The mosaics excavated in 1989 have now been fully restored.

excavation /ˌekskəˈveɪʃ ə n/ [countable noun]

▪ The excavation revealed layer after layer of ancient fortifications.

▷ mine /maɪn/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to take minerals such as coal, iron, or diamonds out of the ground, especially by digging a deep hole and a series of passages :

▪ Lead has been mined in this area for hundreds of years.

▪ The church was built by Don José de la Borda, who made his fortune mining silver.

mine for gold/silver etc

▪ Most of the new settlers came here to mine for gold.

mine [countable noun]

▪ Before World War I more than a million workers labored in the coal mines of Great Britain.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .