# MEASURE

## Meaning of MEASURE in English

INDEX:

1. to measure something

2. the number or amount that you get when you measure something

3. an amount or quantity used for measuring something

4. to be a particular size, length etc

5. able to be measured

RELATED WORDS

↑ COUNT/CALCULATE

↑ WEIGH

↑ DISTANCE

↑ AMOUNT

↑ LONG

↑ SHORT

↑ HEAVY

↑ LIGHT

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1. to measure something

▷ measure /ˈmeʒəʳ/ [transitive verb]

to find out the size or amount of something, by using a special tool, machine, or system :

▪ Can you measure the desk to see if it’ll fit into that corner?

▪ The GNP figures measure the rate of growth in the economy.

▪ Electrodes were attached to his chest in order to measure his heart rate.

measure something at something

▪ Seismologists in Japan measured the earthquake at 7.7 on the Richter scale.

▪ Some species of python have been measured at over 28 feet long.

▷ weigh /weɪ/ [transitive verb]

to find out how heavy something is by measuring its weight with special equipment :

▪ Weigh all the ingredients carefully before mixing them together.

weigh yourself

▪ Every time I weigh myself I seem to have got heavier!

▷ time /taɪm/ [transitive verb]

to measure how long it takes for someone to do something or for something to happen :

▪ We timed how long it took us to get there.

▪ The swimming teacher always times us over 100 metres.

be timed at 20 miles per hour/3 minutes etc

▪ The fastest big cat, the cheetah, has been timed at over 60 mph.

▷ take /teɪk/ [transitive verb]

to measure how hot someone is, how fast their heart is beating etc, as part of a medical examination :

take somebody’s pulse/temperature/blood pressure

▪ My mother took my temperature and sent me back to bed.

▪ The doctor will take your blood pressure and check your weight.

to look at the number or result that a piece of equipment is showing when you are using it to measure something :

▪ Someone came to read the electricity meter this morning.

▪ The nurse read the thermometer and told me that my temperature was normal.

▷ take a reading /ˌteɪk ə ˈriːdɪŋ/ [verb phrase]

use this when a number or result often changes :

▪ Scientists took readings over several weeks and found that there was no unusual volcanic activity.

▷ meter /ˈmiːtəʳ/ [transitive verb]

to measure how much of something such as gas, water, or electricity is used, so that the companies supplying the gas etc know how much their customers should pay :

▪ The gas is metered and they send you a bill every three months.

▪ They’ve introduced a system of metering the amount of water used in a household.

▷ gauge /geɪdʒ/ [transitive verb]

to guess or judge in advance how much something will measure, use, cost etc, according to all the things that affect it :

▪ Recent polls have gauged the president’s support at 85% or more.

gauge how many/how much etc

▪ When all the figures are available, it should be possible to gauge how much we’ll need to spend.

▷ record /rɪˈkɔːʳd/ [transitive verb]

to measure the size, speed etc of something and keep the information so that it can be used later :

▪ Police recorded his speed at 99.04 miles per hour.

▪ Last year the company recorded a profit of £1.4 million.

▷ quantify /ˈkwɒntɪfaɪ, ˈkwɒntəfaɪǁˈkwɑːn-/ [transitive verb] formal

to measure something and express it as a number or amount, so that it can be counted and compared to other amounts :

▪ Just quantifying your financial goals will make you feel more in control of your future.

▪ In the UK, the operation will not be performed until the risks are better understood and quantified.

difficult/hard/impossible etc to quantify

▪ It’s difficult to quantify how long it will take to finish the project.

2. the number or amount that you get when you measure something

▷ measurement /ˈmeʒəʳmənt/ [countable noun]

a number or amount that you get when you measure something :

▪ What are the measurements of the bedroom?

take a measurement

▪ I’ll just take a few measurements, then I can tell you how much paint you will need.

waist/chest/hip etc measurement

how much you measure around your waist, chest etc

▪ I think his chest measurement is 40, or maybe 42.

somebody’s measurements

someone’s height, waist size etc

▪ I can easily alter the dress for you, but I’ll need your exact measurements.

a number or result that a piece of equipment shows when you are measuring something :

▪ The electricity meter reading was much higher than I’d expected.

▪ We use atmospheric pressure readings from barometers to forecast the weather.

3. an amount or quantity used for measuring something

▷ unit /ˈjuːnɪt, ˈjuːnət/ [countable noun]

a fixed quantity, length, or weight that is used for measuring something, for example a metre or a pint are units :

▪ What’s the unit of currency in India?

▪ It takes your body about an hour to burn up one unit of alcohol, such as half a pint of beer.

▪ The asteroids all lie between 2.2 and 3.3 astronomical units from the sun.

unit of measurement

▪ A fathom is the unit of measurement used in calculating sea depth.

▷ measure /ˈmeʒəʳ/ [singular noun]

measure of

a certain amount of liquid, especially alcohol, that you measure in any small container :

▪ To make the drink, you will need one measure of red wine to two measures of lemonade.

▪ a measure of brandy

4. to be a particular size, length etc

▷ be /bi, strong biː/ [verb]

to be a particular size, length, height, weight etc :

▪ He’s going on a diet. He’s over two hundred pounds.

▪ Our present altitude is 30,000 feet, and our speed is 500 miles per hour.

be 10 cms long/wide/deep/high/tall

▪ The room’s about six metres long and four metres wide.

be 10 cms in length/ in depth/in width etc

▪ At the shallow end, the pool’s less than one metre in depth.

▷ measure /ˈmeʒəʳ/ [verb]

to have a particular length, height, width, or depth, especially when it is known exactly :

▪ The yacht measures eighty-four feet and is fitted out to the highest standards.

▪ Surgeons use a laser with a beam measuring less than the width of a human hair.

▷ weigh /weɪ/ [verb]

to have a particular weight :

▪ The blue whale is a vast creature, weighing up to 30 tons.

▪ Our portable computer weighs 7 pounds and costs about \$4000.

▪ Allen is a fast runner, despite weighing 325 pounds and having a chest like a barrel.

▪ How much do you weigh?

5. able to be measured

▷ measurable /ˈmeʒ ə rəb ə l/ [adjective]

if something is measurable, it is possible to measure it :

▪ Pain and suffering are not measurable.

measurable benefits/improvements/results etc

▪ While the technique had little impact on infants, it produced measurable benefits with 7 to 9 year olds.

▷ quantifiable /ˈkwɒntɪfaɪəb ə l, ˈkwɒntəfaɪəb ə lǁˈkwɑːn-/ [adjective] formal

if something is quantifiable, it is possible to measure it and show it as a number or amount, so that it can be compared to other numbers or amounts :

▪ More complete and quantifiable data has come from the laboratory recently.

▪ Managers should have clear goals and their performance should be quantifiable.

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