Meaning of RUN in English


1. to run

2. to run as a sport or for exercise

3. to run with short quick steps


to be in charge of an organization : ↑ IN CHARGE OF

see also








1. to run

▷ run /rʌn/ [intransitive verb]

▪ You’ll have to run or you’ll miss the bus.

▪ He kept on running until he was out in the open country.

run across/through/along etc

▪ A dog ran straight out in front of my car.

▪ Run to the bathroom and get a towel.

run for the bus/train etc

in order to catch it

▪ Just running for the bus leaves me out of breath.

run away/off

run fast in order to leave a place

▪ They grabbed her purse and then ran off towards the subway.

▪ Neil tried to catch the frightened animal, but it ran away from him.

run around/round

run in several different directions over a fairly large area, for fun

▪ The kids were running around and being silly.

run after somebody/something

chase someone

▪ Her dog was running after a rabbit and did not hear her calling.

▷ dash /dæʃ/ [intransitive verb]

to run very quickly for a short distance, especially because you have to do something urgently :

dash around/into/across etc

▪ Gillian saw two men dash past, but they didn’t notice her.

▪ I eventually found the place, and dashed up the stairs.

dash off

leave a place very quickly, for example because you are late

▪ We only have a few moments, because Heidi’s got to dash off soon.

dash [singular noun]

▷ make a run/dash/break for /meɪk ə ˈrʌn, ˈdæʃ, ˈbreɪk fɔːʳ/ [verb phrase] informal

to start running quickly towards a place or thing to try to reach it or escape something :

▪ It was raining, and we made a run for the car.

▪ When the lecture was finally ovr, the students made a break for the exit.

make a run/dash/break for it

try to escape

▪ As soon as the guard turns around, we’ll make a run for it.

make a made dash for something

run very quickly

▪ She heard the whistle and made a mad dash for the departing train.

▷ sprint /sprɪnt/ [intransitive verb]

to run as fast as you can, usually over a short distance :

sprint towards/out/across etc

▪ Margaret sprinted down the street, almost collapsing when she reached us.

sprint for the bus/train etc

in order to catch it.

▪ The bus driver must have seen me sprinting for the bus, but he drove off.

sprint [countable noun]

▪ I made a quick sprint to the local shop for some coffee.

▷ trot /trɒtǁtrɑːt/ [intransitive verb]

to run fairly slowly, taking short steps :

trot in/across/towards etc

▪ She trotted softly through the passageway to the gate.

▪ I looked up, and saw a dog trotting along the sidewalk toward me.

trot along/back/off

▪ Dorothy arrived, with a little dog trotting along behind her.

▷ tear /teəʳ/ [intransitive verb]

to run very quickly and without really looking where you are going, because you are in a hurry :

tear along/past/through etc

▪ Bobby tore past, shouting something about being late for work.

▪ A masked man came tearing out of the bank and jumped into a waiting car.

tear off

leave somewhere running very quickly

▪ Mary tore off downstairs, determined to see the visitors for herself.

▷ charge /tʃɑːʳdʒ/ [intransitive verb]

to run quickly and with a lot of energy, especially when you are going to attack someone or something :

charge at/towards/into etc

▪ The doors flew open, and Pascoe charged across the foyer, scattering people in all directions.

▪ Riot police with batons charged at soccer fans twice during last night’s international with Spain.

charge off

leave somewhere in a hurry

▪ Don’t charge off, I want a word with you.

▷ break into a run /ˌbreɪk ɪntʊ ə ˈrʌn/ [verb phrase]

to suddenly start running, especially after you have been walking :

▪ Suddenly two of the prisoners broke into a run, heading as fast as they could for the fence.

▪ He walked swiftly, resisting the urge to break into a run.

▷ bound /baʊnd/ [intransitive verb]

to move quickly forward with long high jumps :

bound towards/across/up etc

▪ A big black Alsatian dog came bounding up to her.

▪ There was a shout, and suddenly Adrian bounded into the room.

2. to run as a sport or for exercise

▷ run /rʌn/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to run in a race or for exercise :

▪ I think I’ll probably run for about 40 minutes, then come back for a shower.

run 2 miles/400metres etc

▪ She runs a couple of miles twice a week.

▪ I ran four miles Saturday, and I can tell you I was exhausted after it.

run a marathon/race/the 400 metres etc

▪ Omar’s running the marathon this year.

run [countable noun]

▪ After his run, he took a long shower.

running [uncountable noun]

▪ After my first baby I took up running the sport of running to try to lose some weight.

runner [countable noun]

▪ Long distance runners follow a different training programme from other athletes.

▷ jog /dʒɒgǁdʒɑːg/ [intransitive verb]

to run fairly slowly for a long distance, for exercise, and to keep healthy :

▪ Have you been jogging this morning?

jog along/down/past etc

▪ When I lived in Washington, I jogged along the river every morning.

▪ There was a lady jogging down by the water with her dog.

jog [countable noun]

▪ I always feel better after a jog around the park.

jogging [uncountable noun]

▪ Jogging is the only sport both Dave and I enjoy.

jogger [countable noun]

▪ It’s surprising how many joggers you see in the park in the mornings.

▷ go for a run/jog also go running/jogging /ˌgəʊ fər ə ˈrʌn, ˈdʒɒgǁ-ˈdʒɑːg, gəʊ ˈrʌnɪŋ, ˈdʒɒgɪŋǁ-ˈdʒɑː-/ [verb phrase]

to go out and run in order to get exercise :

▪ Kari and I are going for a run -- would you like to come?

▪ Do you fancy coming jogging with me?

▷ sprint /sprɪnt/ [intransitive verb]

to run as fast as you can over a short distance, usually in a race :

▪ Athletes who have been trained to sprint aren’t usually very good at running long distances.

sprinter [countable noun]

▪ They chose Alex for the last leg of the relay race because he was an excellent sprinter.

sprint [countable noun]

▪ I beat my personal best for the 25-metre sprint.

3. to run with short quick steps

▷ scurry /ˈskʌriǁˈskɜːri/ [intransitive verb]

to run with short quick steps, especially when you need to move quickly to escape from danger :

scurry away/about/along etc

▪ We used to hear rats and mice scrurrying around in the attic at night.

▪ His aides scurried about, murmuring to each other in Russian.

▷ scamper /ˈskæmpəʳ/ [intransitive verb]

to run with very short quick steps, especially when running in a group and often in a playful way :

scamper away/down/up etc

▪ The monkeys scampered down the tree, anxious to investigate what was happening on the ground.

▪ Children were scampering and wrestling in the playground.

▪ Jenny scampered off in excitement to set up the game.

▷ scuttle /ˈskʌtl/ [intransitive verb]

to run with short quick steps, especially to escape from something -- use this especially about small animals :

scuttle across/out/past etc

▪ A loud bang sent all the crabs scuttling across the sand.

▪ He spotted a cockroach as it scuttled out from under a bin bag.

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