BAD : The noise of the traffic interrupts the local residents.
GOOD : The noise of the traffic disturbs the local residents.
interrupt = to stop someone while they are speaking or doing something, especially by saying something yourself: 'I'm sorry to interrupt but there's an urgent phone call for you.'
disturb = make it difficult for someone to continue what they are doing: 'Will it disturb you if I listen to the radio?' 'I think we're disturbing Martin. Let's go and talk in your office.'