Meaning of ICE in English

I. ice 1 S2 W3 /aɪs/ BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: verb : ↑ ice , ↑ de-ice ; noun : ↑ ice , ↑ icicle ; adjective : ↑ icy , ↑ iced ; adverb : ↑ icily ]

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: is ]

1 . [uncountable] water that has frozen into a solid state ⇨ icy :

Would you like some ice in your drink?

Her hands were as cold as ice.

The city spent $7 million to remove snow and ice from the roads.

2 . keep/put something on ice to do nothing about a plan or suggestion for a period of time:

I’m putting my plans for a new car on ice until I finish college.

3 . be (skating) on thin ice to be in a situation in which you are likely to upset someone or cause trouble:

Don’t be late again, Hugo – you’re skating on thin ice.

4 . the ice a specially prepared surface of ice where you can ↑ ice skate or play ↑ ice hockey :

The two teams are ready to take to the ice.

5 . [countable]

a) a frozen sweet food made with fruit juice SYN sorbet

b) especially British English old-fashioned an ↑ ice cream

6 . [uncountable] American English diamonds

⇨ ↑ black ice , ↑ dry ice , ⇨ break the ice at ↑ break 1 (29), ⇨ cut no ice at ↑ cut 1 (39)

• • •


■ adjectives

▪ thick

Thick ice was preventing the ship from moving.

▪ thin

The ice is too thin to skate on.

▪ black ice (=a layer of thin ice on a road that is very difficult to see)

Black ice on the roads is making driving conditions very dangerous.

▪ crushed ice (=broken into small pieces, for example to add to a drink)

Serve the cocktail with crushed ice.

▪ polar ice

Global warming directly causes the melting of polar ice.

■ verbs

▪ be covered in ice

Our driveway was covered in ice.

▪ ice melts

The ice in my glass had begun to melt.

▪ ice forms

Ice was forming on the surface of the lake.

▪ ice cracks

We could feel the ice cracking beneath our feet.

▪ scrape the ice off something

I scraped the ice off the car windscreen.

■ ice + NOUN

▪ an ice cube (=a small square piece of ice that you add to a drink)

She put a couple of ice cubes in her glass.

▪ a lump of ice (=a large piece of ice)

Huge lumps of ice break off from the glaciers and float in the sea.

▪ ice crystals (=very small pieces of ice that form naturally)

Ice crystals fall from the sky as snowflakes.

■ phrases

▪ a block of ice

The fish were packed in blocks of ice, ready for transportation.

▪ a sheet of ice

A thin sheet of ice had formed over the surface of the pond.

▪ a slab of ice (=a thick flat piece of ice)

Huge slabs of ice drifted down the frozen river.

• • •


▪ ice water that has frozen into a solid state:

ice cubes in her Coke


the ice on the lake

▪ frost a thin coating of white powder-like ice that forms on the ground and plants, or the weather conditions in which this powder appears:

There was frost on the ground.


Even in May we can sometimes get a late frost.

▪ black ice an area of ice that is very difficult to see on a road:

Driving conditions are dangerous, with black ice in many areas.

▪ icicle a long thin pointed piece of ice that hangs from a roof or other surface:

There were icicles hanging down from the side of the house.

▪ hailstones frozen balls of ice which fall like rain from the sky:

Hailstones as big as marbles flattened the crops.

▪ glacier a large mass of ice which moves slowly down a mountain valley:

The high mountain glaciers of South America and Asia are melting at an alarming rate.


the Kangshung glacier

▪ iceberg a very large mass of ice floating in the sea, most of which is under the surface of the water:

The ship sank after hitting an iceberg in the North Atlantic.

▪ ice cap an area of thick ice that permanently covers the North and South Poles:

We all know that the polar ice caps are melting because of global warming.

II. ice 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive] especially British English

[ Word Family: verb : ↑ ice , ↑ de-ice ; noun : ↑ ice , ↑ icicle ; adjective : ↑ icy , ↑ iced ; adverb : ↑ icily ]

to cover a cake with ↑ icing (=a mixture made of liquid and very fine sugar) SYN frost American English ⇨ icing

ice something ↔ down phrasal verb American English

to cover an injured part of the body in ice to stop it from swelling:

Make sure you ice that ankle down as soon as you get inside.

ice over/up ( also be iced over/up ) phrasal verb

to become covered with ice ⇨ icy :

Schools were closed when the roads iced over.

The plane’s engines had iced up.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.