Meaning of PROPERTY in English


prop ‧ er ‧ ty S2 W1 /ˈprɒpəti $ ˈprɑːpər-/ BrE AmE noun ( plural properties )

[ Date: 1200-1300 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: propreté , from Latin proprietas , from proprius ; ⇨ ↑ proper ]

1 . [uncountable] the thing or things that someone owns:

The hotel is not responsible for any loss or damage to guests’ personal property.

Some of the stolen property was found in Mason’s house.

2 . [uncountable and countable] a building, a piece of land, or both together:

Property prices have shot up recently.

the property market

a sign saying ‘Private Property. Keep Out.’

property taxes

commercial/residential property

3 . [countable usually plural] a quality or power that a substance, plant etc has SYN quality , characteristic :

a herb with healing properties

physical/chemical etc properties

the chemical properties of a substance

⇨ ↑ lost property , ↑ real property , ↑ intellectual property

• • •

COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 2)

■ verbs

▪ buy/sell (a) property

Buying a property is a complicated business.

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + property

▪ detached especially British English (=not joined to another house)

It is a modern detached property with five bedrooms.

▪ semi-detached British English (=joined to one other house)

This semi-detached property is located in one of the most sought-after areas of the town.

▪ a three-bedroom/four-bedroom etc property

Four-bedroom properties are usually ideal for families.

▪ a desirable property

It is a desirable property with a south-facing garden.

▪ commercial property (=buildings used by businesses)

The bombs caused damage to commercial property.

▪ residential property (=buildings that people live in)

The site proposed for the factory is too near to residential property.

▪ private property

The land on the other side of the gate is private property.

■ property + NOUN

▪ property prices

Property prices are much lower here than in London.

▪ the property market

There were no signs of an upturn in the property market.

▪ a property owner

It makes sense for property owners to extend their houses rather than move.

• • •

COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 3)

■ adjectives

▪ physical properties

What are the physical properties of metals?

▪ chemical properties

They grouped the known elements by chemical properties.

▪ electrical properties

Each type of cell has distinct electrical properties.

▪ magnetic properties

the magnetic properties of iron and nickel

▪ optical properties

These minerals have similar optical properties.

▪ healing/medicinal properties

The old women know about the healing properties of local herbs.

▪ health-giving properties

They believed that the water had special health-giving properties.

▪ antiseptic properties

This plant has mild antiseptic properties.

• • •


▪ property [uncountable] the things that a person, organization etc owns:

He left most of his property to his grandaughter.


They were arrested and charged with damaging school property.

▪ possessions [plural] all the things that you own or have with you at a particular time:

He sold all his possessions and left the country.


The prisoners were allowed to have few personal possessions.

▪ belongings [plural] things you own such as clothes, books etc, especially things you take with you when travelling:

I quickly packed a few of my belongings in an overnight bag.

▪ things [plural] spoken ( also stuff [uncountable] informal ) small things you own, such as clothes, books etc:

Don’t leave your things all over the floor!


I’ve got so much stuff, I don’t know where to put it all.

▪ valuables [plural] things that you own that are worth a lot of money and may get stolen, for example jewellery or cameras:

The advice from police is: if you have valuables don’t leave them in the car.


Keep valuables like TVs and computer equipment out of sight.

▪ personal effects [plural] formal small things you own – used especially when there is an accident, a robbery, or the person who owns them dies:

The insurance policy covers baggage and personal effects – up to £1,000 per person.


After Turing’s death in 1954, his mother received his personal effects, including the Order of the British Empire, awarded in 1946 for his code work.


Sections of aircraft wreckage and personal effects were scattered all around.

▪ assets [plural] houses, land, shares etc that a person or organization owns and would be able to sell if they needed money – used especially in legal or business contexts:

Many homeowners now have assets of over £234,000 in the value of their home alone.


financial assets such as bonds and shares

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.