Meaning of RISE in English
I. rise 1 S2 W1 /raɪz/ BrE AmE verb ( past tense rose /rəʊz $ roʊz/, past participle risen /ˈrɪz ə n/) [intransitive]
[ Language: Old English ; Origin: risan ]
1 . INCREASE to increase in number, amount, or value SYN go up OPP fall
Sales rose by 20% over the Christmas period.
The research budget rose from £175,000 in 1999 to £22.5 million in 2001.
Temperatures rarely rise above freezing.
rise dramatically/sharply/rapidly/steeply etc
The number of people seeking asylum in Britain has risen sharply.
The divorce rate has risen steadily since the 1950s.
rising crime/unemployment/inflation etc
The country faces economic recession and rising unemployment.
The police seem unable to cope with the rising tide of (=large increase in) car crime.
In everyday English, people usually say an amount or level goes up rather than rises :
Prices have gone up a lot.
2 . GO UPWARDS to go upwards OPP fall :
The floodwaters began to rise again.
She watched the bubbles rise to the surface.
the problems caused by climate change and rising sea levels
Smoke rose from the chimney.
The road rises steeply from the village.
The waves rose and fell.
3 . STAND formal to stand up:
Then she picked up her bag and rose to leave.
rise from the table/your chair etc
The chairman rose from his chair and came forward to greet her.
He put down his glass and rose to his feet.
4 . BECOME SUCCESSFUL to become important, powerful, successful, or rich OPP fall
He rose to the rank of major.
rise to prominence/fame/power
He had swiftly risen to prominence during the 1950s.
Mussolini rose to power in Italy in 1922.
people who rise to the top in their chosen professions
rise to do something
He rose to become chairman of the company.
She had joined the company as a secretary and risen through the ranks (=made progress from a low position to a high position) to become a senior sales director.
5 . BE TALL ( also rise up ) to be very tall
The cliffs rose above them.
huge rocks rising from the sea
The bridge rose majestically into the air.
6 . VOICE/SOUND
a) to be loud enough to be heard
The sound of traffic rose from the street below.
Her voice rose above the shouts of the children.
b) to become louder or higher:
His voice rose in frustration.
7 . SUN/MOON/STAR to appear in the sky OPP set :
The sun rises in the east.
8 . EMOTION if a feeling or emotion rises, you feel it more and more strongly:
She could sense her temper rising again.
There was an atmosphere of rising excitement in the school.
The doctor sounded optimistic and John’s hopes rose.
9 . rise to the occasion/challenge to deal successfully with a difficult situation or problem, especially by working harder or performing better than usual:
a young athlete who can certainly rise to the occasion
The team rose to the challenge.
10 . AGAINST A GOVERNMENT/ARMY ( also rise up ) if a large group of people rise, they try to defeat the government, army etc that is controlling them:
They rose up and overthrew the government.
The prisoners rose against the guards and escaped.
rise in revolt/rebellion
They rose in rebellion against the king.
11 . BREAD/CAKES ETC if bread, cakes etc rise, they become bigger because there is air inside them
12 . BED literary to get out of bed in the morning
13 . ALIVE AGAIN to come alive after having died ⇨ resurrection
rise from the dead/grave
On the third day Jesus rose from the dead.
14 . COURT/PARLIAMENT if a court or parliament rises, that particular meeting is formally finished
15 . WIND formal if the wind rises, it becomes stronger:
The wind had risen again and it was starting to rain.
16 . RIVER literary if a river rises somewhere, it begins there:
The Rhine rises in Switzerland.
17 . rise and shine spoken used humorously to tell someone to wake up and get out of bed
• • •
▪ sharply/steeply (=a lot in a short time)
The value of the painting has risen sharply in recent years.
▪ dramatically (=a lot and very suddenly)
Unemployment rose dramatically.
House prices rose rapidly last year.
▪ significantly (=in a way that shows something important)
Male cancer rates rose significantly during the period 1969–78.
▪ substantially (=a lot)
University fees have risen substantially.
My salary had risen steadily each year.
The water temperature had risen slightly.
rise above something phrasal verb
if someone rises above a bad situation or bad influences, they do not let these things affect them because they are mentally strong or have strong moral principles:
You expect a certain amount of criticism, but you have to rise above it.
I try to rise above such prejudices.
rise to something phrasal verb
if you rise to a remark, you reply to it rather than ignoring it, especially because it has made you angry:
You shouldn’t rise to his comments.
He refused to rise to the bait (=react in the way someone wanted him to) .
II. rise 2 S3 W2 BrE AmE noun
1 . INCREASE [countable] an increase in number, amount, or value SYN increase OPP fall
We are expecting a rise in interest rates.
an alarming rise in unemployment
Profits went up to £24 million, a rise of 16%.
2 . WAGES [countable] British English an increase in wages SYN raise American English :
He’s been promised a rise next year.
The railworkers were offered a 3% pay rise.
3 . SUCCESS/POWER [singular] the achievement of importance, success or power OPP fall
the rise of fascism
the rise of Napoleon
Thatcher’s rise to power in the late 70s
The band’s sudden rise to fame took everyone by surprise.
his swift rise to prominence
the rise and fall of the Roman Empire
4 . give rise to something formal to be the reason why something happens, especially something bad or unpleasant ⇨ provoke :
His speech gave rise to a bitter argument.
The President’s absence has given rise to speculation about his health.
5 . MOVEMENT UP [singular] a movement upwards OPP fall
a sudden rise in sea levels
She watched the steady rise and fall of his chest.
6 . SLOPE [countable] an upward slope or a hill:
There’s a slight rise in the road.
They topped the rise (=reached the top of the hill) and began a slow descent towards the town.
7 . get a rise out of somebody informal to make someone become annoyed or embarrassed by making a joke about them ⇨ make fun of somebody :
She enjoys getting a rise out of you.
• • •
COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 1)
■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + rise
▪ sharp/steep (=great and sudden)
There’s been a sharp rise in house prices.
▪ dramatic (=great and sudden)
The meter showed a dramatic rise in the level of radioactivity.
There has been a big rise in violent crime.
The result was a huge rise in unemployment.
Manufacturers claimed the increase would mean a substantial rise in costs.
Wealthy Americans face a significant rise in their income tax rate.
The post-war years saw a rapid rise in prosperity.
Japanese banks have been hit hard by the rise in interest rates.
▪ a 10%/40% etc rise
The company reported an 81% rise in profits.
▪ a price rise
The tax would result in a price rise of 6 percent for petrol.
▪ a rent rise British English
Tenants face huge rent rises.
▪ a temperature rise
They predicted a global temperature rise of 2.5 degrees by the end of the century.
▪ a rise in the number of something
There has been a rise in the number of arrests for drug offences.
• • •
COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 3)
▪ sb’s rise to power
They were alarmed by Hitler’s rise to power.
▪ sb’s rise to prominence
His rise to prominence would not have been possible without the war.
▪ sb’s rise to fame
Her success in the film ensured a rapid rise to fame.
▪ sb’s rise to stardom
In this book, he explores the actor’s rise to stardom.
▪ sb’s rise to the top
His rise to the top of the Labour Party was effortless.
▪ the rise and fall of somebody/something
The exhibition tells the story of the rise and fall of the Etruscan civilisation.
▪ meteoric (=very great and quick)
What can explain their meteoric rise in popularity?
Her rapid rise to the top is well deserved.
• • •
▪ increase noun [uncountable and countable] an occasion when the amount or number of something becomes bigger:
There has been a significant increase in violent crime over the past year.
▪ growth noun [singular, uncountable] an increase in the number, size, or importance of something. Growth is also used when saying that a company or a country’s economy becomes more successful:
The astonishing growth of the Internet has had a dramatic effect on people’s lives.
Japan experienced a period of rapid economic growth.
Many people are concerned about the enormous growth in the world’s population.
▪ rise noun [countable] an increase in the amount of something, or in the standard or level of something:
The latest figures show a sharp rise (=a sudden big rise) in unemployment in the region.
There was a 34 percent rise in the number of armed robberies.
The majority of families experienced a rise in living standards.
▪ surge noun [countable usually singular] a sudden increase in something such as profits, demand, or interest:
There has been a big surge in demand for organically grown food.
We have seen a tremendous surge of interest in Chinese medicine.
▪ gain noun [uncountable and countable] an increase in the amount or level of something - used especially in business or political contexts, or when talking about an increase in someone’s weight:
The December job figures show a net gain of 81,000 jobs.
The party has experienced a gain in popularity.
The amount of weight gain during pregnancy varies.
▪ hike noun [countable] informal especially American English a large or sudden increase in prices or taxes - often used in newspaper reports:
Despite a 25% hike in fuel costs, the airline made a profit last year.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012