Meaning of STANDARD in English
I. stan ‧ dard 1 S2 W2 /ˈstændəd $ -ərd/ BrE AmE noun
[ Word Family: noun : ↑ standard , ↑ standardization ; adjective : stardard, ↑ substandard ; verb : ↑ standardize ]
[ Date: 1100-1200 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: estandard 'battle-flag' ]
1 . LEVEL OF QUALITY/ACHIEVEMENT [uncountable and countable] the level that is considered to be acceptable, or the level that someone or something has achieved:
Students have to reach a certain standard or they won’t pass.
The airline has rigorous safety standards.
The committee is assessing the standard of care in local hospitals.
2 . MORAL PRINCIPLES standards [plural] moral principles about what kind of behaviour or attitudes are acceptable:
the recent decline in moral standards
standards fall/slip/go down
Standards have slipped since I was a boy.
3 . MEASUREMENT [countable] a fixed official rule for measuring weight, ↑ purity , value etc:
an official government standard for the purity of silver
4 . SONG [countable] a popular song that has been sung by many different singers:
popular jazz standards
5 . FLAG [countable] old-fashioned a flag used in ceremonies:
the royal standard
⇨ ↑ double standard , ↑ living standard
• • •
▪ meet/reach a standard
Many food businesses fail to meet basic standards of hygiene.
▪ set/lay down a standard
The government sets standards that all hospitals must reach.
▪ raise/improve standards
We are determined to raise standards in our schools.
▪ lower standards
He refused to lower his standards.
▪ maintain standards (=keep them at a good level)
Television companies should maintain standards of taste and decency.
▪ standards improve
The standard of this festival improves every year.
▪ standards fall/slip/decline
School inspectors say that educational standards have fallen.
■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + standard
The standard of their work was generally very high.
The report says the standard of children’s diet in Britain is poor.
All too often their behaviour has fallen below acceptable standards.
▪ stringent/strict/rigorous/tough standards (=high standards that are difficult to reach)
The Marines’ rigorous standards mean that only a small proportion of applicants are successful.
▪ international standards
Clearly there is a need for international standards to be laid down to govern food safety.
▪ safety/hygiene/quality etc standards
All our products meet the current safety standards.
▪ academic/educational standards
There had been a policy of raising academic standards within the school.
▪ environmental standards (=to protect the environment)
They called on the Indian government to apply stricter environmental standards.
▪ professional standards (=within a particular profession)
The institutions have an evident interest in maintaining professional standards.
▪ living standards ( also standard of living ) (=the level of comfort and the amount of money people have)
Living standards at all income levels improved over that period.
▪ an improvement/rise in standards
There has been an improvement in living standards.
▪ a decline/drop in standards
There has been a general decline in standards of literacy among undergraduates.
▪ be/come up to standard (=be good enough)
Her work was not up to standard.
▪ be below standard (=not be good enough)
His performance yesterday was below standard.
▪ by modern standards/today’s standards
The technology was crude by modern standards.
▪ by our standards (=judging by what we are used to)
The equipment was very old-fashioned by our standards.
▪ by British/African etc standards
Class sizes are small by British standards.
II. standard 2 S2 W2 BrE AmE adjective
1 . accepted as normal or usual:
We paid them the standard rate.
standard practice/procedure (=the usual way of doing things)
Searching luggage at airports is now standard practice.
The format is fairly standard.
2 . regular and usual in shape, size, quality etc OPP non-standard :
We make shoes in standard and wide sizes.
All these vans are made to a standard design.
3 . a standard book, work etc is read by everyone studying a particular subject
4 . the standard form of a language is the one considered to be correct and is used by most people OPP non-standard :
the standard spelling
standard English pronunciation
• • •
▪ normal usual, typical, and as you would expect it to be:
Is this cold weather normal for the time of year?
It had been another normal working day in the office.
▪ ordinary ( also regular especially American English ) not special, unusual, or different from normal:
They lived in an ordinary three-bedroomed house.
It looks like an ordinary car, but it uses solar power.
Would you like a regular salad or a Caesar salad?
I just want an ordinary bicycle, not a mountain bike.
▪ average [only before noun] around the usual level or amount:
She is of average height.
He is of above average intelligence.
The average price of a pint of milk has gone up.
▪ standard normal – used about methods of doing something, or about the size, shape, features etc of products:
It’s standard practice to X-ray hand-baggage at most airports.
We stock shoes in all the standard sizes.
▪ routine used about things that are done regularly as part of a series of things:
The fault was discovered during a routine check of the plane.
routine tasks such as shopping and cooking
▪ everyday [only before noun] used about things that happen or that you use as part of normal life:
He painted scenes of everyday life in France.
Sally was still dressed in her everyday clothes.
▪ common used about birds and plants that are of the most usual type, and in the phrase the common people (=people who are not rich and powerful) :
the common goldfish
an alliance between the aristocracy and the common people
▪ conventional [only before noun] of the kind that is usually used – used when comparing this with a different or special type:
The engine is more efficient than a conventional diesel engine.
the drugs used in conventional medicine
conventional weapons (=not nuclear, chemical, or biological)
conventional ovens and microwaves
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012