Meaning of BATTERY in English


Pronunciation: ' ba-t( ə -)r ē

Function: noun

Inflected Form: plural -ter · ies

Etymology: Anglo-French baterie, from batre to beat, from Latin battuere

Date: 1531

1 a : the act of battering or beating b : an offensive touching or use of force on a person without the person's consent ― compare ASSAULT 2a

2 [Middle French batterie, from battre to beat] a : a grouping of artillery pieces for tactical purposes b : the guns of a warship

3 : an artillery unit in the army equivalent to a company

4 a : a combination of apparatus for producing a single electrical effect b : a group of two or more cells connected together to furnish electric current also : a single cell that furnishes electric current <a flashlight battery > c plural : level of energy or enthusiasm <needs a vacation to recharge her batteries >

5 a : a number of similar articles, items, or devices arranged, connected, or used together : SET , SERIES <a battery of tests> b : a usually impressive or imposing group : ARRAY

6 : the position of readiness of a gun for firing

7 : the pitcher and catcher of a baseball team

Merriam Webster Collegiate English Dictionary.      Merriam Webster - Энциклопедический словарь английского языка.