Meaning of DUTY in English



Pronunciation: ' dü-t ē also ' dyü-

Function: noun

Inflected Form: plural duties

Etymology: Middle English duete, from Anglo-French deueté, dueté, from deu due

Date: 13th century

1 : conduct due to parents and superiors : RESPECT

2 a : obligatory tasks, conduct, service, or functions that arise from one's position (as in life or in a group) b (1) : assigned service or business (2) : active military service (3) : a period of being on duty

3 a : a moral or legal obligation b : the force of moral obligation

4 : TAX especially : a tax on imports

5 a : WORK 1A b (1) : the service required (as of an electric machine) under specified conditions (2) : functional application : USE <got double duty out of the trip> (3) : use as a substitute <making the word do duty for the thing ― Edward Sapir>

synonyms see FUNCTION , TASK

– off duty : free from assignment or responsibility

– on duty : engaged in or responsible for an assigned task or duty

Merriam Webster Collegiate English Dictionary.      Merriam Webster - Энциклопедический словарь английского языка.