Meaning of ADVANCE in English
[ad.vance] vb ad.vanced ; ad.vanc.ing [ME advauncen, fr. OF avancier, fr. (assumed) VL abantiare, fr. LL abante in front, fr. L ab- + ante before--more at ante-] vt (15c) 1: to accelerate the growth or progress of
2: to bring or move forward
3: to raise to a higher rank
4. archaic: to lift up: raise
5. a: to bring forward in time; esp: to make earlier "~ the date of the meeting" b: to place later in time
6: to bring forward for notice, consideration, or acceptance: propose 7: to supply or furnish in expectation of repayment 8: to raise in rate: increase "~ the rent" ~ vi 1: to move forward: proceed
2: to make progress: increase "~ in age"
3: to rise in rank, position, or importance
4: to rise in rate or price -- ad.vanc.er n syn advance, promote, forward, further mean to help (someone or something) to move ahead. advance stresses effective assisting in hastening a process or bringing about a desired end "advance the cause of peace". promote suggests an encouraging or fostering and may denote an increase in status or rank "a campaign to promote better health". forward implies an impetus forcing something ahead "a wage increase would forward productivity". further suggests a removing of obstacles in the way of a desired advance "used the marriage to further his career".
advance n (1668) 1: a moving forward
2. a: progress in development "mistaking material ~ for spiritual enrichment --H. J. Laski" b: a progressive step: improvement "an ~ in medical technique"
3: a rise in price, value, or amount
4: a first step or approach made "her attitude discouraged all ~s"
5: a provision of something (as money or goods) before a return is received; also: the money or goods supplied -- in advance : before a deadline or an anticipated event -- in advance of : ahead of advance adj (1701) 1: made, sent, or furnished ahead of time "~ sales"
2: going or situated before "an ~ party of soldiers"
Merriam-Webster English vocab. Английский словарь Merriam Webster. 2012