Meaning of BURN in English

BURN

I. ˈbərn noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English; akin to Old High German brunno spring of water

Date: before 12th century

British : creek 2

II. ˈbərn verb

( burned ˈbərnd, ˈbərnt ; or burnt ˈbərnt ; burn·ing )

Etymology: Middle English birnen, from Old English byrnan, verbi., bærnan, verbt.; akin to Old High German brinnan to burn

Date: before 12th century

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to consume fuel and give off heat, light, and gases

a small fire burn s on the hearth

b. : to undergo combustion ; also : to undergo nuclear fission or nuclear fusion

c. : to contain a fire

a little stove burn ing in the corner

d. : to give off light : shine , glow

a light burn ing in the window

2.

a. : to be hot

the burn ing sand

b. : to produce or undergo discomfort or pain

ears burn ing from the cold

c. : to become emotionally excited or agitated: as

(1) : to yearn ardently

burn ing to tell the story

(2) : to be or become very angry or disgusted

the remark made him burn

3.

a. : to undergo alteration or destruction by the action of fire or heat

the house burn ed down

the potatoes burn ed to a crisp

b. : to die in the electric chair

4. : to force or make a way by or as if by burning

her words burn ed into his heart

5. : to suffer sunburn

she burn s easily

transitive verb

1.

a. : to cause to undergo combustion ; especially : to destroy by fire

burn ed the trash

b. : to use as fuel

this furnace burn s gas

c. : to use up : consume

burn calories

2.

a. : to transform by exposure to heat or fire

burn clay to bricks

b. : to produce by burning

burn ed a hole in his sleeve

c. : to record digital data or music on (an optical disk) using a laser

burn a CD

also : to record (data or music) in this way

burn songs onto a disk

3.

a. : to injure or damage by or as if by exposure to fire, heat, or radiation : scorch

burn ed his hand

b. : to execute by burning

burn ed heretics at the stake

also : electrocute

4.

a. : irritate , annoy — often used with up

really burn s me up

b. : to subject to misfortune, mistreatment, or deception — often used in passive

has been burned in love

c. : to beat or score on

burn ed the defense with a touchdown pass

• burn·able ˈbər-nə-bəl adjective

- burn one's bridges

- burn one's ears

- burn the candle at both ends

- burn the midnight oil

III. noun

Date: 1594

1. : an act, process, instance, or result of burning: as

a. : injury or damage resulting from exposure to fire, heat, caustics, electricity, or certain radiations

b. : a burned area

a burn on the tabletop

c. : an abrasion (as of the skin) having the appearance of a burn

rope burn s

d. : a burning sensation

the burn of iodine on a cut

2. : the firing of a rocket engine in flight

3. : anger ; especially : increasing fury — used chiefly in the phrase slow burn

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.