Meaning of CASE in English

CASE

I. ˈkās noun

Etymology: Middle English cas, from Anglo-French, from Latin casus fall, chance, from cadere to fall — more at chance

Date: 13th century

1.

a. : a set of circumstances or conditions

is the statement true in all three case s

b.

(1) : a situation requiring investigation or action (as by the police)

(2) : the object of investigation or consideration

2. : condition ; specifically : condition of body or mind

3.

[Middle English cas, from Anglo-French, from Latin casus, translation of Greek ptōsis, literally, fall]

a. : an inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective indicating its grammatical relation to other words

b. : such a relation whether indicated by inflection or not

4. : what actually exists or happens : fact

thought he had failed, but that wasn't the case

5.

a. : a suit or action in law or equity

b.

(1) : the evidence supporting a conclusion or judgment

(2) : argument ; especially : a convincing argument

makes a good case for adopting the proposal

6.

a. : an instance of disease or injury

a case of pneumonia

also : patient

b. : an instance that directs attention to a situation or exhibits it in action : example

c. : a peculiar person : character

7. : oneself considered as an object of harassment or criticism

get off my case

Synonyms: see instance

- in any case

- in case

- in case of

II. noun

Etymology: Middle English cas, from Anglo-French case, chase, from Latin capsa chest, case, probably from capere to take — more at heave

Date: 14th century

1.

a. : a box or receptacle for holding something

b. : a box together with its contents

c. : set ; specifically : pair

2.

a. : an outer covering or housing

a pastry case

b. : a tube into which the components of a round of ammunition are loaded

3. : a divided tray for holding printing type

4. : the frame of a door or window : casing

III. transitive verb

( cased ; cas·ing )

Date: 1575

1. : to enclose in or cover with or as if with a case : encase

2. : to line (as a well) with supporting material (as metal pipe)

3. : to inspect or study especially with intent to rob

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.