Meaning of CLOSE in English


I. ˈklōz verb

( closed ; clos·ing )

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French clos-, stem of clore, from Latin claudere to shut, close; perhaps akin to Greek kleiein to close — more at clavicle

Date: 13th century

transitive verb


a. : to move so as to bar passage through something

close the gate

b. : to block against entry or passage

close a street

c. : to deny access to

the city closed the beach

d. : screen , exclude

close a view

e. : to suspend or stop the operations of

close school

— often used with down

2. archaic : enclose , contain


a. : to bring to an end or period

close an account

b. : to conclude discussion or negotiation about

the question is closed

also : to consummate by performing something previously agreed

close a transfer of real estate title

c. : to terminate access to (a computer file or program)


a. : to bring or bind together the parts or edges of

a closed book

b. : to fill up (as an opening)

c. : to make complete by circling or enveloping or by making continuous

close a circuit

d. : to reduce to nil

closed the distance to the lead racer

intransitive verb


a. : to contract, fold, swing, or slide so as to leave no opening

the door closed quietly

b. : to cease operation

the factory closed down

the stores close at 9 p.m.


a. : to draw near

the ship was closing with the island

b. : to engage in a struggle at close quarters : grapple

close with the enemy


a. : to come together : meet

b. : to draw the free foot up to the supporting foot in dancing

4. : to enter into or complete an agreement

close on a deal

5. : to come to an end or period

the services closed with a short prayer

6. : to reduce a gap

closed to within two points

• clos·able or close·able ˈklō-zə-bəl adjective

- close one's doors

- close one's eyes to

- close ranks

- close the door


close , end , conclude , finish , complete , terminate mean to bring or come to a stopping point or limit. close usually implies that something has been in some way open as well as unfinished

close a debate

end conveys a strong sense of finality

ended his life

conclude may imply a formal closing (as of a meeting)

the service concluded with a blessing

finish may stress completion of a final step in a process

after it is painted, the house will be finished

complete implies the removal of all deficiencies or a successful finishing of what has been undertaken

the resolving of this last issue completes the agreement

terminate implies the setting of a limit in time or space

your employment terminates after three months

II. ˈklōz noun

Date: 14th century


a. : a coming or bringing to a conclusion

at the close of the party

b. : a conclusion or end in time or existence : cessation

the decade drew to a close

c. : the concluding passage (as of a speech or play)

2. : the conclusion of a musical strain or period : cadence

3. archaic : a hostile encounter

4. : the movement of the free foot in dancing toward or into contact with the supporting foot

III. ˈklōs, U.S. also ˈklōz noun

Etymology: Middle English clos, literally, enclosure, from Anglo-French clos, from Latin clausum, from neuter of clausus, past participle

Date: 13th century


a. : an enclosed area

b. chiefly British : the precinct of a cathedral

2. chiefly British

a. : a narrow passage leading from a street to a court and the houses within or to the common stairway of tenements

b. : a road closed at one end

IV. ˈklōs adjective

( clos·er ; clos·est )

Etymology: Middle English clos, from Anglo-French, from Latin clausus, past participle of claudere

Date: 14th century

1. : having no openings : closed


a. : confined or carefully guarded

close arrest


(1) of a vowel : high 13

(2) : formed with the tongue in a higher position than for the other vowel of a pair

3. : restricted to a privileged class


a. : secluded , secret

b. : secretive

she could tell us something if she would…but she was as close as wax — A. Conan Doyle

5. : strict , rigorous

keep close watch

6. : hot and stuffy

a room with an uncomfortably close atmosphere

7. : not generous in giving or spending : tight

8. : having little space between items or units

a close weave

a close grain


a. : fitting tightly or exactly

a close fit

b. : very short or near to the surface

a close haircut

10. : being near in time, space, effect, or degree

at close range

close to my birthday

close to the speed of sound

11. : intimate , familiar

close friends


a. : very precise and attentive to details

a close reading

a close study

b. : marked by fidelity to an original

a close copy of an old master

c. : terse , compact

13. : decided or won by a narrow margin

a close baseball game

14. : difficult to obtain

money is close

15. of punctuation : characterized by liberal use especially of commas

Synonyms: see stingy

• close·ly adverb

• close·ness noun

- close to home

- close to the bone

- close to the vest

V. ˈklōs adverb

Date: 15th century

: in a close position or manner

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.