Meaning of DISCHARGE in English

I. dis-ˈchärj, ˈdis-ˌ verb

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French descharger, from Late Latin discarricare, from Latin dis- + Late Latin carricare to load — more at charge

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1. : to relieve of a charge, load, or burden:

a. : unload

discharge a cargo ship

b. : to release from an obligation

c. : to release electrical energy from (as a battery or capacitor) by a discharge


a. : to let or put off

discharge passengers

discharge cargo

b. : shoot

discharge an arrow

c. : to release from confinement, custody, or care

discharge a prisoner

discharge a patient

d. : to give outlet or vent to : emit

discharge emotions



(1) : to dismiss from employment

(2) : to release from service or duty

discharge a soldier

b. : to get rid of (as a debt or obligation) by performing an appropriate action (as payment)

c. : to set aside : annul

d. : to order (a legislative committee) to end consideration of a bill in order to bring it before the house for action

4. : to bear and distribute (as the weight of a wall above an opening)

5. : to bleach out or remove (color or dye) in dyeing and printing textiles

6. : to cancel the record of the loan of (a library book) upon return

intransitive verb


a. : to throw off or deliver a load, charge, or burden

b. : to release electrical energy by a discharge


a. : go off , fire — used of a gun

b. : spread , run

some dyes discharge

c. : to pour forth fluid or other contents

Synonyms: see perform

• dis·charge·able -jə-bəl adjective

• dis·charg·ee (ˌ)dis-ˌchär-ˈjē noun

• dis·charg·er dis-ˈchär-jər, ˈdis-ˌ noun

II. ˈdis-ˌchärj, dis-ˈ noun

Date: 14th century


a. : the act of relieving of something that oppresses : release

b. : something that discharges or releases ; especially : a certification of release or payment

2. : the state of being discharged or relieved

3. : the act of discharging or unloading

4. : legal release from confinement

5. : a firing off


a. : a flowing or issuing out

a discharge of spores

also : a rate of flow

b. : something that is emitted

a purulent discharge

7. : the act of removing an obligation or liability


a. : release or dismissal especially from an office or employment

b. : complete separation from military service


a. : the equalization of a difference of electric potential between two points

b. : the conversion of the chemical energy of a battery into electrical energy

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.