Meaning of SHAKE in English


I. ˈshāk verb

( shook ˈshu̇k ; shak·en ˈshā-kən ; shak·ing )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English sceacan; akin to Old Norse skaka to shake

Date: before 12th century

intransitive verb

1. : to move irregularly to and fro

2. : to vibrate especially as the result of a blow or shock

3. : to tremble as a result of physical or emotional disturbance

shook with fear

4. : to experience a state of instability : totter

5. : to briskly move something to and fro or up and down especially in order to mix

shake well before opening

6. : to clasp hands

7. : trill III

transitive verb

1. : to brandish, wave, or flourish often in a threatening manner

protesters shaking their fists

2. : to cause to move to and fro, up and down, or from side to side especially in a repetitive, rhythmic, or quick jerky manner

shook his head in disapproval

3. : to cause to quake, quiver, or tremble


a. : to free oneself from

shake a habit

shake off a cold

b. : to get away from : get rid of

can you shake your friend? I want to talk to you alone — Elmer Davis

5. : to lessen the stability of : weaken

shake one's faith

6. : to bring to a specified condition by or as if by repeated quick jerky movements

shook himself loose from the man's grasp

7. : to dislodge or eject by quick jerky movements of the support or container

shook the dust from the cloth

8. : to clasp (hands) in greeting or farewell or as a sign of goodwill or agreement

9. : to stir the feelings of : upset , agitate

shook her up

10. : trill III

• shak·able or shake·able ˈshā-kə-bəl adjective

- shake a leg

- shake a stick at


shake , agitate , rock , convulse mean to move up and down or to and fro with some violence. shake often carries a further implication of a particular purpose

shake well before using

agitate suggests a violent and prolonged tossing or stirring

an ocean agitated by storms

rock suggests a swinging or swaying motion resulting from violent impact or upheaval

the whole city was rocked by the explosion

convulse suggests a violent pulling or wrenching as of a body in a paroxysm

spectators were convulsed with laughter

II. noun

Date: 1581

1. : an act of shaking: as

a. : an act of shaking hands

b. : an act of shaking oneself


a. : a blow or shock that upsets the equilibrium or disturbs the balance of something

b. : earthquake

3. plural

a. : a condition of trembling or nervousness ; specifically : delirium tremens

b. : malaria 2a

4. : something produced by shaking: as

a. : a fissure separating annual rings of growth in timber


(1) : milk shake

(2) : a beverage resembling a milk shake but made without milk

5. : a wavering, quivering, or alternating motion caused by a blow or shock

6. : trill

7. : a very brief period of time

I'll be there in two shake s

8. plural : one that is exceptional especially in importance, ability, or merit — usually used in the phrase no great shakes

9. : a shingle split from a piece of log usually three or four feet (about one meter) long

10. : deal III,3

a fair shake

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.