Meaning of SHAKE in English

SHAKE

/ ʃeɪk; NAmE / verb , noun

■ verb

( shook / ʃʊk; NAmE / shaken / ˈʃeɪkən; NAmE /)

OBJECT / BUILDING / PERSON

1.

to move or make sb/sth move with short quick movements from side to side or up and down :

[ v ]

The whole house shakes when a train goes past.

[ vn ]

Shake the bottle well before use.

He shook her violently by the shoulders.

[ vn - adj ]

She shook her hair loose .

2.

[ vn + adv. / prep. ] to move sth in a particular direction by shaking :

She bent down to shake a pebble out of her shoe.

YOUR HEAD

3.

[ vn ] shake your head to turn your head from side to side as a way of saying 'no' or to show sadness, disapproval, doubt, etc. :

She shook her head in disbelief.

HANDS

4.

[ vn ] shake sb's hand | shake hands (with sb) (on sth) | shake sb by the hand to take sb's hand and move it up and down as a way of saying hello or to show that you agree about sth :

Do people in Italy shake hands when they meet?

They shook hands on the deal (= to show that they had reached an agreement) .

Our host shook each of us warmly by the hand.

YOUR FIST

5.

[ vn ] shake your fist (at sb) to show that you are angry with sb; to threaten sb by shaking your fist (= closed hand)

OF BODY

6.

[ v ] shake (with sth) to make short quick movements that you cannot control, for example because you are cold or afraid

SYN tremble :

He was shaking with fear.

I was shaking like a leaf .

Her hands had started to shake.

OF VOICE

7.

[ v ] shake (with sth) ( of sb's voice ) to sound unsteady, usually because you are nervous, upset or angry

SHOCK SB

8.

[ vn ] shake sb (up) (not used in the progressive tenses) to shock or upset sb very much :

He was badly shaken by the news of her death.

The accident really shook her up.

BELIEF / IDEA

9.

[ vn ] to make a belief or an idea less certain :

The incident had shaken her faith in him.

This announcement is bound to shake the confidence of the industry.

GET RID OF

10.

[ vn ] shake sth (off) to get rid of sth :

I can't seem to shake off this cold.

He couldn't shake the feeling that there was something wrong.

IDIOMS

- shake in your shoes

- shake a leg

—more at foundation

PHRASAL VERBS

- shake down

- shake sb/sth down

- shake sb off

- shake on sth

- shake sth out

- shake sb up

- shake sth up

■ noun

MOVEMENT

1.

[ C , usually sing. ] an act of shaking sth/sb :

Give the bottle a good shake before opening.

He dismissed the idea with a firm shake of his head (= turning it from side to side to mean 'no') .

She gave him a shake to wake him.

—see also handshake

OF BODY

2.

the shakes [ pl. ] ( informal ) a physical condition in which you cannot stop your body from shaking because of fear, illness, or because you have drunk too much alcohol :

I always get the shakes before exams.

DRINK

3.

[ C ] = milkshake :

a strawberry shake

IDIOMS

- in two shakes | in a couple of shakes

—more at fair adjective , great adjective

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English sc(e)acan (verb), of Germanic origin.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.