Meaning of SOUND in English


I. ˈsau̇nd adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English gesund; akin to Old High German gisunt healthy

Date: 13th century


a. : free from injury or disease : exhibiting normal health

b. : free from flaw, defect, or decay

sound timber

2. : solid , firm ; also : stable


a. : free from error, fallacy, or misapprehension

sound reasoning

b. : exhibiting or based on thorough knowledge and experience

sound scholarship

c. : legally valid

a sound title

d. : logically valid and having true premises

e. : agreeing with accepted views : orthodox


a. : thorough

b. : deep and undisturbed

a sound sleep

c. : hard , severe

a sound whipping

5. : showing good judgment or sense

sound advice

Synonyms: see healthy , valid

• sound·ly ˈsau̇n(d)-lē adverb

• sound·ness ˈsau̇n(d)-nəs noun

II. adverb

Date: 14th century

: to the full extent : thoroughly

sound asleep

III. noun

Etymology: Middle English soun, from Anglo-French son, sun, from Latin sonus, from sonare to sound; akin to Old English swinn melody, Sanskrit svanati it sounds

Date: 13th century


a. : a particular auditory impression : tone

b. : the sensation perceived by the sense of hearing

c. : mechanical radiant energy that is transmitted by longitudinal pressure waves in a material medium (as air) and is the objective cause of hearing


a. : a speech sound

a peculiar r-sound

b. : value in terms of speech sounds

-cher of teacher and -ture of creature have the same sound

3. archaic : rumor , fame


a. : meaningless noise

b. obsolete : meaning

c. : the impression conveyed : import

5. : hearing distance : earshot

within sound of your voice

6. : recorded auditory material

7. : a particular musical style characteristic of an individual, a group, or an area

the Nashville sound

IV. verb

Date: 13th century

transitive verb


a. : to cause to sound

sound a trumpet

b. : pronounce 3a

2. : to put into words : voice


a. : to make known : proclaim

b. : to order, signal, or indicate by a sound

sound the alarm

4. : to examine by causing to emit sounds

sound the lungs

5. chiefly British : to convey the impression of : sound like

that sound s a logical use of resources — Economist

intransitive verb


a. : to make a sound

b. : resound

c. : to give a summons by sound

the bugle sound s to battle

2. : to make or convey an impression especially when heard

it sound s good to me

you sound just like your mother

• sound·able ˈsau̇n-də-bəl adjective

V. noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English sund swimming, sea & Old Norse sund swimming, strait; akin to Old English swimman to swim

Date: 14th century


a. : a long broad inlet of the ocean generally parallel to the coast

b. : a long passage of water connecting two larger bodies (as a sea with the ocean) or separating a mainland and an island

2. : the air bladder of a fish

VI. verb

Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French sonder, from Old French * sonde sounding line, probably from Old English or Middle English sund- (as in Old English sundlīne sounding line) from sund sea

Date: 15th century

transitive verb

1. : to measure the depth of : fathom

2. : to try to find out the views or intentions of : probe — often used with out

3. : to explore or examine (a body cavity) with a sound

intransitive verb


a. : to ascertain the depth of water especially with a sounding line

b. : to look into or investigate the possibility

sent commissioners…to sound for peace — Thomas Jefferson

2. : to dive down suddenly — used of a fish or whale

VII. noun

Etymology: French sonde, from Middle French, literally, sounding line

Date: 1739

: an elongated instrument for exploring or sounding body cavities

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.