Meaning of SOUND in English

SOUND

/ saʊnd; NAmE / noun , verb , adjective , adverb

■ noun

STH YOU HEAR

1.

[ C ] something that you can hear

SYN noise :

a high / low sound

a clicking / buzzing / scratching, etc. sound

the different sounds and smells of the forest

She heard the sound of footsteps outside.

He crept into the house trying not to make a sound .

2.

[ U ] continuous rapid movements, (called vibrations ) that travel through air or water and can be heard when they reach a person's or an animal's ear :

Sound travels more slowly than light.

➡ note at noise

FROM TELEVISION / RADIO

3.

[ U ] what you can hear coming from a television, radio, etc., or as part of a film / movie :

Could you turn the sound up / down ?

The sound quality of the tapes was excellent.

OF MUSICIANS

4.

[ C , U ] the effect that is produced by the music of a particular singer or group of musicians :

I like their sound.

IMPRESSION

5.

[ sing. ] the ~ of sth the idea or impression that you get of sb/sth from what sb says or what you read :

They had a wonderful time by the sound of it .

From the sound of things you were lucky to find him.

They're consulting a lawyer? I don't like the sound of that .

WATER

6.

[ C ] (often in place names) a narrow passage of water that joins two larger areas of water

SYN strait

IDIOMS

- like, etc. the sound of your own voice

- within (the) sound of sth

■ verb

(not usually used in the progressive tenses)

GIVE IMPRESSION

1.

linking verb to give a particular impression when heard or read about :

[ v - adj ]

His voice sounded strange on the phone.

She didn't sound surprised when I told her the news.

His explanation sounds reasonable to me.

Leo made it sound so easy. But it wasn't.

[ v - n ]

She sounds just the person we need for the job.

[ v ]

You sounded just like your father when you said that.

I hope I don't sound as if / as though I'm criticizing you.

HELP NOTE : In spoken English people often use like instead of as if or as though , especially in NAmE , but this is not considered correct in written BrE .

-SOUNDING

2.

(in adjectives) giving the impression of having a particular sound :

an Italian-sounding name

fine-sounding words

PRODUCE SOUND

3.

to produce a sound; to make sth such as a musical instrument produce a sound :

[ v ]

The bell sounded for the end of the class.

[ vn ]

Passing motorists sounded their horns in support.

GIVE WARNING / SIGNAL

4.

[ vn ] to give a signal such as a warning by making a sound :

When I saw the smoke, I tried to sound the alarm .

( figurative )

Scientists have sounded a note of caution on the technique.

Leaving him out of the team may sound the death knell for our chances of winning (= signal the end of our chances) .

PRONOUNCE

5.

[ vn ] ( technical ) to pronounce sth :

You don't sound the 'b' in the word 'comb'.

MEASURE DEPTH

6.

[ vn , v ] ( technical ) to measure the depth of the sea or a lake by using a line with a weight attached, or an electronic instrument

IDIOMS

see note noun , suspiciously

PHRASAL VERBS

- sound off (about sth)

- sound sb out (about / on sth) | sound sth out

■ adjective

( sound·er , sound·est )

RELIABLE

1.

sensible; that you can rely on and that will probably give good results :

a person of sound judgement

He gave me some very sound advice.

This gives the design team a sound basis for their work.

The proposal makes sound commercial sense.

Their policies are environmentally sound.

OPP unsound

THOROUGH

2.

[ only before noun ] good and thorough :

a sound knowledge / understanding of sth

He has a sound grasp of the issues.

NOT DAMAGED / HURT

3.

in good condition; not damaged, hurt, etc. :

We arrived home safe and sound .

to be of sound mind (= not mentally ill)

The house needs attention but the roof is sound.

OPP unsound

SLEEP

4.

[ usually before noun ] deep and peaceful :

to have a sound night's sleep

to be a sound sleeper

GOOD, BUT NOT EXCELLENT

5.

good and accurate, but not excellent :

a sound piece of writing

a sound tennis player

PHYSICAL PUNISHMENT

6.

severe :

to give sb a sound beating

►  sound·ness noun [ U ]:

soundness of judgement

financial soundness

the soundness of the building's foundations

—see also soundly

IDIOMS

- (as) sound as a bell

■ adverb

~ asleep very deeply asleep

••

WORD ORIGIN

noun senses 1 to 5 and verb senses 1 to 5 sound off. Middle English soun , from Anglo-Norman French soun (noun), suner (verb), from Latin sonus . The form with -d was established in the 16th cent.

adjective and adverb sound sb out / sound sth out. Middle English : from Old English gesund , of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch gezond and German gesund .

verb sense 6 late Middle English : from Old French sonder , based on Latin sub- below + unda wave.

noun sense 6 Middle English : from Old Norse sund swimming, strait; related to swim .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.