Meaning of THIN in English


I. ˈthin adjective

( thin·ner ; thin·nest )

Etymology: Middle English thinne, from Old English thynne; akin to Old High German dunni thin, Latin tenuis thin, tenēre to hold, tendere to stretch, Greek teinein

Date: before 12th century


a. : having little extent from one surface to its opposite

thin paper

b. : measuring little in cross section or diameter

thin rope

2. : not dense in arrangement or distribution

thin hair

3. : not well fleshed : lean


a. : more fluid or rarefied than normal

thin air

b. : having less than the usual number : scanty

thin attendance

c. : few in number : scarce

d. : scantily supplied

e. : characterized by a paucity of bids or offerings

a thin market


a. : lacking substance or strength

thin broth

a thin plot

b. of a soil : infertile , poor


a. : flimsy , unconvincing

a thin disguise

b. : disappointingly poor or hard

had a thin time of it

7. : somewhat feeble, shrill, and lacking in resonance

a thin voice

8. : lacking in intensity or brilliance

thin light

9. : lacking sufficient photographic density or contrast

• thin·ly adverb

• thin·ness ˈthin-nəs noun

• thin·nish ˈthi-nish adjective

- thin on the ground


thin , slender , slim , slight , tenuous mean not thick, broad, abundant, or dense. thin implies comparatively little extension between surfaces or in diameter, or it may imply lack of substance, richness, or abundance

thin wire

a thin soup

slender implies leanness or spareness often with grace and good proportion

the slender legs of a Sheraton chair

slim applies to slenderness that suggests fragility or scantiness

a slim volume of poetry

a slim chance

slight implies smallness as well as thinness

a slight build

tenuous implies extreme thinness, sheerness, or lack of substance and firmness

a tenuous thread

II. verb

( thinned ; thin·ning )

Date: before 12th century

transitive verb

: to make thin or thinner:

a. : to reduce in thickness or depth : attenuate

b. : to make less dense or viscous

c. : dilute , weaken

d. : to cause to lose flesh

thinned by weeks of privation

e. : to reduce in number or bulk

intransitive verb

1. : to become thin or thinner

2. : to become weak

III. adverb

( thin·ner ; thin·nest )

Date: 13th century

: in a thin manner : thinly — used especially in combination

thin -clad

thin -flowing

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.