Meaning of TRUCK in English

I. ˈtrək verb

Etymology: Middle English trukken, from Anglo-French * truker, *troker, from Vulgar Latin * troccare, probably of imitative origin

Date: 13th century

transitive verb

1. : to give in exchange : swap

2. : to barter or dispose of by barter

intransitive verb

1. : to exchange commodities : barter

2. : to negotiate or traffic especially in an underhanded way : have dealings

II. noun

Date: 1553

1. : barter

2. : commodities appropriate for barter or for small trade

3. : close association or connection

will have no truck with crooks

4. : payment of wages in goods instead of cash

5. : vegetables grown for market

6. : heterogeneous small articles often of little value ; also : rubbish

III. noun

Etymology: probably back-formation from truckle small wheel — more at truckle bed

Date: 1611

1. : a small wheel ; specifically : a small strong wheel for a gun carriage

2. : a small wooden cap at the top of a flagstaff or masthead usually having holes for reeving flag or signal halyards

3. : a wheeled vehicle for moving heavy articles: as

a. : a strong horse-drawn or automotive vehicle (as a pickup) for hauling

b. : a small barrow consisting of a rectangular frame having at one end a pair of handles and at the other end a pair of small heavy wheels and a projecting edge to slide under a load — called also hand truck

c. : a small heavy rectangular frame supported on four wheels for moving heavy objects

d. : a small flat-topped car pushed or pulled by hand

e. : a shelved stand mounted on casters

f. : an automotive vehicle with a short chassis equipped with a swivel for attaching a trailer and used especially for the highway hauling of freight ; also : a truck with attached trailer


a. British : an open railroad freight car

b. : a swiveling carriage consisting of a frame with one or more pairs of wheels and springs to carry and guide one end (as of a railroad car) in turning sharp curves

• truck·ful -ˌfu̇l noun

IV. verb

Date: 1748

transitive verb

: to load or transport on a truck

intransitive verb

1. : to transport goods by truck

2. : to be employed in driving a truck

3. : to roll along especially in an easy untroubled way

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.